France: Committee of Public Safety: 1793-1795

Membres du comité de Salut public de la Convention nationale
7 Apr 1793 - 1 Sep 1794 Bertrand Barère de Vieuzac
7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas
7 Apr 1793 - 5 Jun 1793 Jean-Jacques Bréard, dit Bréard-Duplessis
7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Joseph Cambon
7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Georges-Jacques Danton
7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau, dit Guyton-Morveau
7 Apr 1793 - 12 Jun 1793 Jean-Baptiste Treilhard
7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Jean-François Delacroix, dit Lacroix [1] »
7 Apr 1793 - 12 Jun 1793 Jean-Baptiste-Robert Lindet [2]
30 May 1793 - 29 Dec 1793 Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles [3] »
30 May 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Dominique-Vincent Ramel de Nogaret, dit Ramel-Nogaret
30 May 1793 - 27 Jul 1794 Georges Couthon »
30 May 1793 - 27 Jul 1794 Louis Saint-Just »
30 May 1793 - 22 Jun 1793 Jean-Baptiste-Charles Mathieu, dit Mathieu-Mirampal
5 Jun 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Théophile Berlier
12 Jun 1793 - 27 Jul 1793 Thomas-Augustin (de) Gasparin
12 Jun 1793 - 31 Jul 1794 André Jeanbon, dit Jeanbon Saint-André »
22 Jun 1793 - 6 Oct 1794 Jean-Baptiste-Robert Lindet
27 Jun 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 François-René-Auguste Mallarmé [4]
4 Jul 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Robert-Thomas Lindet [5]
4 Jul 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Jean-Michel Du Roy, dit Duroy [5]
4 Jul 1793 - 10 Jul 1793 Marie-Pierre-Adrien Francastel [5]
10 Jul 1793 - 20 Sep 1793 Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la Rosière »
10 Jul 1793 - 31 Jul 1794 Pierre-Louis Prieur, dit Prieur de la Marne
27 Jul 1793 - 27 Jul 1794 Maximilien Robespierre [6] »
14 Aug 1793 - 6 Oct 1794 Lazare Carnot »
14 Aug 1793 - 6 Oct 1794 Claude-Antoine Prieur-Duvernois, dit Prieur de la Côte-d'Or
6 Sep 1793 - 1 Sep 1794 Jacques-Nicolas Billaud, dit Billaud-Varenne [7] »
6 Sep 1793 - 1 Sep 1794 Jean-Marie Collot, dit Collot d'Herbois »
31 Jul 1794 - 5 Dec 1794 Jean-Jacques Bréard, dit Bréard-Duplessis »
31 Jul 1794 - 5 Nov 1794 Joseph Eschassériaux
31 Jul 1794 - 5 Nov 1794 Pierre-Antoine Laloy »
31 Jul 1794 - 1 Sep 1794 Jean-Lambert Tallien
31 Jul 1794 - 5 Dec 1794 Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la Rosière »
31 Jul 1794 - 5 Nov 1794 Jean-Baptiste Treilhard »
1 Sep 1794 - 5 Dec 1794 Charles Cochon de l'Apparent
1 Sep 1794 - 4 Jan 1795 Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas »
1 Sep 1794 - 4 Jan 1795 Antoine-François (de) Fourcroy
1 Sep 1794 - 4 Jan 1795 Philippe-Antoine Merlin, dit Merlin de Douai »
6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795 Louis-Bernard Guyton de Morveau, dit Guyton-Morveau
6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795 Pierre-Louis Prieur, dit Prieur de la Marne
6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795 Joseph-Charles-Étienne Richard
5 Nov 1794 - 5 Mar 1795 Jean-Jacques Régis Cambacérès »
5 Nov 1794 - 5 Mar 1795 Lazare Carnot »
5 Nov 1794 - 5 Mar 1795 Jean Pelet, dit Pelet de la Lozère
5 Dec 1794 - 4 Apr 1795 François-Antoine (de) Boissy d'Anglas
5 Dec 1794 - 4 Apr 1795 Edmond-Louis-Alexis Dubois de Crancé, dit Dubois-Crancé »
5 Dec 1794 - 4 Apr 1795 André Dumont
4 Jan 1795 - 4 May 1795 Jean-Jacques Bréard, dit Bréard-Duplessis »
4 Jan 1795 - 4 May 1795 Jean-Pierre Chazal
4 Jan 1795 - 4 May 1795 Pierre Marec
3 Feb 1795 - 3 Jun 1795 Antoine-François (de) Fourcroy
3 Feb 1795 - 3 Jun 1795 Pierre-Jean Lacombe (du Tarn), dit Lacombe-Saint-Michel
3 Feb 1795 - 3 Jun 1795 Philippe-Antoine Merlin, dit Merlin de Douai »
5 Mar 1795 - 3 Jun 1795 Marie-François-Sébastien-Christophe Delaporte, dit Laporte
5 Mar 1795 - 3 Jul 1795 Jean-François Reubell »
5 Mar 1795 - 3 Jul 1795 Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès »
4 Apr 1795 - 2 Aug 1795 François Aubry
4 Apr 1795 - 2 Aug 1795 Jean-Jacques Régis Cambacérès »
4 Apr 1795 - 4 May 1795 Jacques-Antoine Creuzé de La Touche, dit Creuzé-Latouche
4 Apr 1795 - 3 Jul 1795 Pierre-Mathurin (René-Mathurin) Gillet
4 Apr 1795 - 4 May 1795 Bernard-Marie Lesage (d'Eure-et-Loir)
4 Apr 1795 - 3 Jul 1795 Louis-Félix Roux (de la Haute-Marne)
4 Apr 1795 - 2 Aug 1795 Jean-Lambert Tallien
4 May 1795 - 1 Sep 1795 Joseph-Jacques Defermon, dit Defermon des Chapelières »
4 May 1795 - 1 Sep 1795 Louis-Gustave Le Doulcet de Pontécoulant
4 May 1795 - 1 Sep 1795 Jacques-Antoine Rabaut, dit Rabaut-Pommier
4 May 1795 - 2 Aug 1795 Jean-Baptiste Treilhard »
4 May 1795 - 1 Sep 1795 Théodore Vernier
3 Jun 1795 - 7 Oct 1795 Charles-Antoine-Augustin Blad
3 Jun 1795 - 7 Oct 1795 François-Joseph Gamon
3 Jun 1795 - 7 Oct 1795 Pierre-François-Joachim Henry-Larivière
3 Jun 1795 - 7 Oct 1795 Pierre Marec [8]
3 Jul 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 François-Antoine (de) Boissy d'Anglas
3 Jul 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Jean-Antoine-Joseph de Bry, dit Debry »
3 Jul 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Bernard-Marie Lesage (d'Eure-et-Loir)
3 Jul 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Jean-Baptiste Louvet de Couvray (du Loiret)
2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Étienne-François Le Tourneur »
2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Philippe-Antoine Merlin, dit Merlin de Douai »
2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Jean-François Reubell »
2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès »
1 Sep 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Théophile Berlier
1 Sep 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Jean-Jacques Régis Cambacérès [9] »
1 Sep 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Pierre-Claude-François Daunou
1 Sep 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Louis-Marie La Revellière, dit La Revellière-Lépeaux »
7 Oct 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Marie-Joseph-Blaise (de) Chénier
7 Oct 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Joseph Eschassériaux
7 Oct 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Charles-Claude-Christophe Gourdan
7 Oct 1795 - 4 Nov 1795 Antoine-Clair Thibaudeau
History:
Established as successor to the Comité de défense générale (Committee of General Defense), one of the committees of the National Convention set up in early 1793 in accordance with the Convention's resolution of 1 Jan 1793; was elected by the Convention, which proclaimed the results on 7 Apr 1793; entrusted with supervision of the activities of the Conseil exécutif provisoire (Provisional Executive Council) according to the decree of 6 Apr 1793; held constituent meeting on 7 Apr 1793; at the first stage, was dominated by Georges Danton and his associates (until 10 Jul 1793); following reelection of its members (10 Jul 1793), was placed under control of the Montagnards led by Maximilien Robespierre; operated on the basis of one-month term continuously extended by the Convention; termturned into an organ of dictatorial authority and was placed above all governmental structures by the decree of the National Convention of 10 Oct 1793; divided by factional struggle in mid-1794, approved the purge of the Jacobins during the coup of 9 Thermidor, Year II (27 Jul 1794); lost much of its significance during the Thermidorian reaction, membership was monthly renewed by one-quarter; directed mostly diplomacy and military affairs in 1794-1795.

[1] Submitted resignation to the Committee of Public Safety on 30 Jun 1793, but it was passed unnoticed and Delacroix continued to work. He did not participate in the committee sessions starting from 30 Jun 1793, but, for instance, made a report to the National Convention on behalf of the committee on 2 Jul 1793.
[2] Elected on 7 Apr 1793 to replace Jean-Antoine-Joseph de Bry, dit Debry (see more), who declined election.
[3] The termination of Hérault's term as a member of the Committee of Public safety is given according to his resignation submitted to the National Convention on 29 Dec 1793, but left without acceptance.
[4] Mallarmé was added to the Committee of Public Safety by resolution of the National Convention to present his plan for food procurement, but did not join the committee's sessions.
[5] Added to the Committee of Public Safety by resolution of the National Convention to help pacifying the département of Eure, but did not join the committee's sessions.
[6] Elected by the National Convention on 27 Jul 1793, but the minutes of the committee's sessions confirm that the first session attended by Robespierre was 26 Jul 1793.
[7] Georges-Jacques Danton (see more) and François-Omer Granet were elected members of the Committee on 6 Sep 1793, but refused to serve. Both submitted their letters of resignation to the National Convention (7 Sep 1793), which initially abstained from any decision and formally approved only the resignation of Danton on 9 Sep 1793.
[8] Pierre Marec, member of the Committee of Public Safety from 3 Jun 1795, was discharged on 7 Oct 1795 and was not reappointed. At the request of the Committee, relayed by Cambacérès, the National Convention decreed that Marec would continue to work with the Committee on matters of his special expertise until the Corps législatif meets (Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 20, 20 vendémiaire an IV).
[9] Served as president of the Committee, including the period of 26 Oct 1795 - 4 Nov 1795.
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:13:50