REUBELL, Jean-François

Jean-François Reubell

b. 8 Oct 1747, Colmar, Haut-Rhin
d. 23 Nov 1807, Colmar, Haut-Rhin

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 23 Apr 1791 - 9 May 1791
Chronology: 23 Apr 1791, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris [1, vol. XXV, p. 325], [2]
25 Apr 1791, assumed the chair as President of the National Assembly for the first time, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris [1, vol XXV, p. 325]
9 May 1791, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [1, vol. XXV, p. 669]
Names/titles: Surname also spelled: Rewbell (originating in German, the surname of Reubell was sometimes spelled as Rewbell in French)
Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (6 Dec 1794 - 21 Dec 1794) [see details]; Président du Directoire exécutif de la République française (President of the Executive Directory of the French Republic) (2 Nov 1795 - 31 Jan 1796, 30 Jan 1797 - 30 Apr 1797, 26 May 1798 - 24 Aug 1798) [see details]; Membre du Directoire exécutif de la République française (Member of the Executive Directory of the French Republic) (2 Nov 1795 - 19 May 1799) [see details]
Biography:
Studied law, was admitted to the bar in Alsace; elected (2 Apr 1789) as a representative of the Third Estate by the constituencies of Colmar and Schestadt to the États-Généraux (Estates-General); deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); as an adversary of the ancien régime, attacked the royalists and was elected President of the National Assembly (23 Apr 1791 - 9 May 1791); after holding juridical offices in Haut-Rhin, was elected to Convention nationale (National Convention), representing the département of Haut-Rhin (1792-1795); following the events of 9 Thermidor, Year II (27 Jul 1794), opposed the Jacobins and contributed to closing their club in Paris; was elected member of the Comité de sûreté générale (Committee of General Security) (6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795) and the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (5 Mar 1795 - 3 Jul 1795, 2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795); elected to the Corps législatif in 17 départements (1795), opted for Haut-Rhin; selected to sit in the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) (27 Oct 1795); elected (1 Nov 1795) one of the original members of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory); three times served as President of the Directory (2 Nov 1795 - 31 Jan 1796, 30 Jan 1797 - 30 Apr 1797, 26 May 1798 - 24 Aug 1798); supervised justice, finance and external relations; selected for replacement as a Directory member (9 May 1799), gave up his seat on 19 May 1799; elected member of the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Ancients) by three départements, Haut-Rhin, Bas-Rhin and Moselle (1799); after the coup of 18 Brumaire (9 Nov 1799) retired from politics and spent the rest of his life in his hometown, Colmar. Biography source: [3]

Elections:

Candidate Votes (23 Apr 1791)
Jean-François Reubell 136
Moreau Saint-Merry 100
voters 265
Election results: [1, vol. XXV, p. 325]

[1] Archives parlementaires. Série 1,
[2] The Assembly did not hold the session on 24 Apr 1791 because of the Easter festivities.
[3] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Image: gravure by G. Fiesinger after a portrait by J. Guérin.
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:13:13