Jacques Defermon, dit Defermon des Chapelières

b. 15 Nov 1752, Basse-Chapelière, near Maumusson, Loire-Atlantique [1]
d. 20 Jul 1831, Paris

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 19 Jul 1791 - 30 Jul 1791
Chronology: 19 Jul 1791, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris; assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election [2, vol. XXVIII, p. 415]
30 Jul 1791, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [2, vol. XXIX, p. 66], [3]
Names/titles: In some sources his baptismal names are given as Jacques, Joseph (most probably in error); surname also spelled as: (de) Fermon, (de) Fermond; comte Defermon, comte de l'Empire (count Defermon, count of the Empire) [from 23 Mar 1808]
Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (13 Dec 1792 - 27 Dec 1792) [see details]
Biography:
Educated at the Collège de Châtillon, Châteaubriant; studied law at Rennes; became a lawyer in the Parlement of Rennes (from 1782); was elected (18 Apr 1789) as a representative of the Third Estate of Rennes to the États-Généraux (Estates-General), deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); elected President of the National Assembly (19 Jul 1791 - 30 Jul 1791); served as president of the Criminal Tribunal of Rennes (1791-1792); was elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1793, 1794-1795) as a deputy for the département of Ille-et-Vilaine; served as President of the National Convention (13 Dec 1792 - 27 Dec 1792); supported the Girondins and signed a petition (2 Jun 1793) against their exclusion from the Convention; was declared traître à la patrie and went into hiding to escape arrest decreed by the Convention (3 Oct 1793); returned to exercising his duties as deputy in December 1794; was elected a member of the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (4 May 1795 - 1 Sep 1795); elected (14 Oct 1795) to the Corps législatif by the département of Ille-et-Vilaine; selected to sit in the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) (1795-1797); elected President of the Council of Five Hundred (21 May 1796 - 19 Jun 1796); appointed a commissioner of the National Treasury (1797-1799); supported the 18 Brumaire coup (9 Nov 1799 - 10 Nov 1799); was appointed a member of the Tribunat (25 Dec 1799) and counselor of state; chaired the department of finance (1799-1814); was appointed intendant général (1805), minister of state (1808); during the Cent Jours (Hundred Days), was elected (12 May 1815) a deputy of the Chambre des représentants (Chamber of Representatives) from Ille-et-Vilaine; banished as a regicide (1816); lived in Brussels (1816-1822); returned to France in 1822. Biography source: [1, vol. 1, p. 265-267], [4], [5, pp. 184-186]

Elections:

Candidate Votes (19 Jul 1791)
Jacques-Joseph Defermon, dit Defermon des Chapelières 224
voters 308
Election result source: [2, vol. XXVIII, p. 415]

[1] Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, p. 184: "né à la Basse-Chapelière, près Maumusson (Loire-Inférieure)"; baptismal record was published in "Recherches et notices sur les députés de la Bretagne aux États généraux et à l'Assemblée nationale constitituante de 1789", ed. by René Pocard du Cosquer de Kerviler (V. Forest & E. Grimaud, 1885), p. 204: "Voici la copie textuelle de son acte de baptême: « Le seizième jour de novembre 1752, Jacques, né d'hier à la Basse-Chapelière, ..."
[2] Archives parlementaires. Série 1,
[3] Defermon as ex-président also presided at the beginning of the session of 31 Jul 1791 and then was replaced in the chair by his successor, Alexandre de Beauharnais, who was elected on 30 Jul 1791.
[4] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
[5] Dictionnaire des Conventionnels,
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:12:59