DELACROIX, Jean-François

Jean-François Delacroix, dit Lacroix

b. 3 Apr 1753, Pont-Audemer, Eure
d. 5 Apr 1794, Paris

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 19 Aug 1792 - 2 Sep 1792
Chronology: 19 Aug 1792, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris; assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election [1, p. 376]
2 Sep 1792, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [2, p. 199]
Names/titles: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (4 Oct 1792 - 18 Oct 1792) [see details]
Son of a surgeon; served in gendarmerie; studied law and was admitted to the bar; became an avocat at Anet, near Dreux; was nominated procureur-général-syndic for the département of Eure-et-Loir; served as a judge in the Tribunal of Appeals of Eure-et-Loir; was elected to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792); member of the Jacobin club; appointed to the military committee of the Assembly; served as vice president (10 Jul 1792 - 23 Jul 1792, 11 Aug 1792 - 19 Aug 1792) and president (19 Aug 1792 - 2 Sep 1792) of the National Assembly; became active in the Cordelier club, where he met Georges Danton; elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1794); took seat with the Montagnards; elected President of the National Convention (4 Oct 1792 - 18 Oct 1792); named one of the four commissioners (Camus, Delacroix, Gossuin, Danton) to the army of general Charles-François Dumouriez (30 Nov 1792); was absent in the beginning of the trial of King Louis XVI; after his return from Belgium, he voted for death sentence and against reprieve; was appointed a member of the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793); responsible for conducting war affairs; appointed (29 Aug 1793) representative of the Convention to Seine-Inférieure; entrusted with organisation of revolutionary government in the départements of Eure and Seine-Inférieure; recalled in early 1794; called for the abolition of slavery throughout France's territories (1794); was accused of conspiring with Dumouriez to overthrow the National Convention; arrested (31 Mar 1794) and sentenced to death (5 Apr 1794) along with Danton, Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles, Camille Desmoulins and others. Biography source: [3]


Candidate Votes (19 Aug 1792)
Jean-François Delacroix, dit Lacroix 303
voters 323
Information source: [1, p. 376]

[1] Archives parlementaires. Série 1, , Vol. XLVIII.
[2] Archives parlementaires. Série 1, , Vol. XLIX.
[3] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:13:30