Schärf, Adolf

Adolf Schärf

b. 20 Apr 1890, Nikolsburg, Moravia (now Mikulov, Czech Republic)
d. 28 Feb 1965, Vienna, Austria

Title: Bundespräsident (Federal President)
Term: 22 May 1957 - 22 May 1963
Chronology: 5 May 1957, elected by direct popular voting [1, p. 6]
  22 May 1957, took the oath of office, session of the seventh Bundesversammlung (Federal Assembly), Großer Sitzungssaal des Parlaments, Parlamentsgebäude, Vienna [2]
  22 May 1963, expiration of term
Term: 22 May 1963 - 28 Feb 1965
Chronology: 28 Apr 1963, elected by direct popular voting [1, p. 7]
  22 May 1963, took the oath of office, session of the eighth Bundesversammlung (Federal Assembly), Großer Sitzungssaal des Parlaments, Parlamentsgebäude, Vienna [3]
  28 Feb 1965, died [4]
Biography:
Born in the family of a glass-blower; moved with his parents to Vienna (1899); attended the Hernalser Gymnasium; studied law at the University of Vienna and graduated in 1914; served (1915-1918) in the Austrian imperial army during World War I; between 1920 and 1933 worked as a secretary to the presidents of the Nationalrat (National Council), Karl Seitz, Matthias Eldersch and Karl Renner; was elected a member of the Bundesrat (1933-1934), representing the Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei, SdP); practiced law; imprisoned several times on political charges (1934, 1938, 1944); served as state secretary without portfolio (27 Apr 1945 - 20 Dec 1945) in the provisional government of Renner; elected chairman of the Socialist Party (Sozialistische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ) (15 Dec 1945 - 8 May 1957); member of the National Council (1945-1957); served as Vizekanzler (Vice Chancellor) (20 Dec 1945 - 5 May 1957) in three cabinets of Leopold Figl and in one of Julius Raab; was an active participant in the negotiations for the restoration of Austrian sovereignty (1955); twice elected (5 May 1957, 28 Apr 1963) as Bundespräsident and served two consecutive terms: 22 May 1957 - 22 May 1963 and 22 May 1963 - 28 Feb 1965; died in office (28 Feb 1965). Biography source: [5]
Elections:

Candidate Popular vote (5 May 1957)
Adolf Schärf 2,258,255
Wolfgang Denk 2,159,604
invalid votes 81,706
total number of votes cast 4,499,565
Candidate Popular vote (28 Apr 1963)
Adolf Schärf 2,473,349
Julius Raab 1,814,125
Josef Kimmel 176,646
invalid votes 190,537
total number of votes cast 4,654,657
Source for election results: [1, pp. 6-7]

[1] "Bundespräsidentenwahl vom 25. April 2004" (Bundesministerium für Inneres, 2004)
[2] Arbeiter Zeitung, Nummer 120, Donnerstag, 23. Mai 1957.
[3] Arbeiter Zeitung, Nummer 120, Donnerstag, 23. Mai 1963.
[4] Arbeiter Zeitung, Nummer 50, Dienstag, 2. März 1965.
[5] Österreich-Lexikon (web site).
  Image: photograph, Präsidentschaftskanzlei, Vienna.
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:53:44