Seitz, Karl

Karl Joseph Seitz

b. 4 Sep 1869, Vienna
d. 3 Feb 1950, Vienna

Title: Präsident der Provisorischen Nationalversammlung (President of the Provisional National Assembly)
Term: 21 Oct 1918 - 16 Feb 1919
Chronology: 21 Oct 1918, elected president of the Provisional National Assembly, 1st session, Ratssaal des Niederösterreichischen Landhauses, Vienna [1]
  30 Oct 1918, become member (ex officio) of the State Council with the duties to preside over it (resolution of the Provisional National Assembly of 30 Oct 1918, § 4)
  12 Nov 1918, State Council collectively assumed the functions of head of state (resolution of the Provisional National Assembly of 12 Nov 1918, § 4)
  16 Feb 1919, terms of members of the Provisional National Assembly expired according to a law of 18 Dec 1918 (State Council continued to function according to a law of 6 Feb 1919)
  4 Mar 1919, Konstituierende Nationalversammlung (National Constituent Assembly) collectively assumed the functions of head of state [2]
  7 Mar 1919, last meeting of the State Council [3]
Title: Präsident der Konstituierenden Nationalversammlung (President of the Constituent National Assembly)
Term: 5 Mar 1919 - 10 Nov 1920
Chronology: 5 Mar 1919, elected Präsident der konstituierenden Nationalversammlung (president of the Constituent National Assembly) [4]
  10 Nov 1920, term expired according to provisions of the Order of the House and a law of 6 Jul 1920 (Nationalrat elected its president 10 Nov 1920)
  1 Oct 1920, duties of head of state assigned to [former] President of the Constituent National Assembly until the swearing-in of first Federal President according to a law of 1 Oct 1920
  10 Nov 1920, provisions of the Law of 1 Oct 1920 become effective upon the dissolution of the Constituent National Assembly
  9 Dec 1920, first Federal President sworn in, 1st Bundesversammlung, Parlamentsgebäude, Vienna [5]
Biography:
Born in the family of a wood trader; educated as teacher in St. Pölten; taught in Vienna-Favoriten (until 1897); head of the Vienna teacher's union (1896); engaged in politics as a founder of the Social Democratic Workers' Party [Sozialdemokratische Arbeiterpartei, SDAP]. Member of the Landtag of Lower Austria (from 1902), Reichsrat (1901-1918), vice-president of the House of Representatives [Abgeordnetenhaus] (1918); member and president of the Provisional National Assembly (21 Oct 1918 - 16 Feb 1919); member of the State Council for German Austria (30 Oct 1918 - 7 Mar 1919); member (4 Mar 1919 - 10 Nov 1920) and president (5 Mar 1919 - 10 Nov 1920) of the Constituent National Assembly; member (10 Nov 1920 - 17 Feb 1934; 19 Dec 1945 - 3 Feb 1950) and Second President of the Nationalrat (15 Dec 1920 - 20 Nov 1923); chairman of the Social Democratic Party [Sozialdemokratische Partei, SdP] (1920-1934); Mayor and Landeshauptmann of Vienna (13 Nov 1923 - 12 Feb 1934); incarcerated (1934), sent to concentration camp (1944-1945); honorary chairman of the Socialist Party [Sozialistische Partei Österreichs, SPÖ] (from 1945). As Mayor of Vienna implemented social program "Roten Wien" (resident house construction, school education, social projects). Biography sources: [6]
Elections:

Candidate Vote (5 Mar 1919)
Karl Seitz 144
Source for election results: Wiener Abendpost, Nr. 53, Mittwoch, den 5. März 1919. S. 3.

[1] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 244, Dienstag, den 22. Oktober 1918. S. 5.
[2] Wiener Abendpost, Nr. 52, Dienstag, den 4. März 1919. S. 3.
[3] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 56, Samstag, den 8. März 1919. S. 1.
[4] Wiener Abendpost, Nr. 53, Mittwoch, den 5. März 1919. S. 3.
[5] Wiener Zeitung, Nr. 281, Freitag, den 10. Dezember 1920. S. 1.
[6] "Karl Seitz: 1869-1950. Ein Leben an Bruchlinien", by Harald D. Gröller (Wien: Schmid, 2005); Arbeiter-Zeitung, Nr. 29, Samstag, 4. Februar 1950, S. 1-2 (obituary).
 

Image: photograph c. 1920.

Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:53:20