Catalonia: Polity Style: 1931-1939 - Archontology.org

Catalonia: Polity Style: 1931-1939

14 Apr 1931 Catalonia is proclaimed a state under the administration of a Catalan Republic (República Catalana) as part of a projected Confederation of the Iberian Peoples (Confederació de pobles ibèrics), public meeting at the chamber of sessions of the Diputación of the Province of Barcelona (La Publicitat, No. 17.687, 15 Apr 1931, p. 1; La Veu de Catalunya, No. 10.873, 14 Apr 1931, Evening Edition, p. 1)
14 Apr 1931 - 17 Apr 1931 República Catalana
17 Apr 1931 as a result of the negotiations held in Barcelona between the ministers of the Provisional Government of Spain and members of the Government of Catalonia, the government of the Catalan Republic was (re-)organized as the Government of the Generalitat of Catalonia (Govern de la Generalitat de Catalunya) (La Veu de Catalunya, No. 10.876, 18 Apr 1931, Morning Edition, p. 1)
17 Apr 1931 - 6 Oct 1934 Cataluña (to 27 May 1933) = Catalunya
10 May 1931 powers and authority of the Generalitat of Catalonia are recognized by a decree of the Provisional Government of Spain of 9 May 1931 (Spain Official Gazette, No. 130, 10 May 1931, pp. 639-639)
21 Sep 1932 provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona are organized as an autonomous region (región autónoma / regió autónoma) of Spain in accordance with the Statute of Catalonia of 1932 (passed by the Cortes Constituyentes of Spain on 9 Sep 1932; signed into law on 15 Sep 1932) (Spain Official Gazette, No. 265, 21 Sep 1932, pp. 2090-2094; Catalonia Official Gazette, No. 19, 15 Oct 1932, pp. 489-496) [1][2]
27 May 1933 Catalan is recognized as the sole official language (llengua pròpia) in accordance with Art. 3 of a statute (Estatut interior de Catalunya) (passed by the Parlament of Catalonia on 25 May 1933, signed into law on 26 May 1933, effective upon publication) (Catalonia Official Gazette, No. 45, 27 May 1933, pp. 655-659)
6 Oct 1934 Catalonia is proclaimed a state (Estat Català) as part of a projected Spanish federal republic (República Federal Espanyola) in accordance with a proclamation of the President of the Generalitat made at a public ceremony, balcony of the Palace of the Generalitat, Barcelona (La Veu de Catalunya, No. 11,953, 9 Oct 1934, p. 6)
6 Oct 1934 - 7 Oct 1934 Estat Català
7 Oct 1934 a military commander of the army of Spain assumed the government of Catalonia (autonomy is de facto rescinded by military intervention) (Catalonia Official Gazette, No. 281, 8 Oct 1934, p. 169)
7 Oct 1934 - 26 Jan 1939 Cataluña = Catalunya
3 Jan 1935 autonomy of Catalonia and authority of the Parlament of Catalonia are suspended, executive authority is vested into a Governor General in accordance with a law passed by the Cortes of Spain on 18 Dec 1934 and signed into law on 2 Jan 1935) (Spain Official Gazette, No. 3, 3 Jan 1935, pp. 82-83; Catalonia Official Gazette, No. 6, 6 Jan 1935, pp. 121-122)
27 Feb 1936 autonomy of Catalonia remains suspended, but the Parlament of Catalonia is authorized to resume its functions for the purpose of appointing the Government of the Generalitat in accordance with a decree-law of 26 Feb 1936 signed by the President of the Spanish Republic (Spain Official Gazette, No. 58, 27 Feb 1936, p. 1635; rectified: Spain Official Gazette, No. 59, 28 Feb 1936, p. 1666; Catalonia Official Gazette, No. 65, 5 Mar 1936, p. 1794)
8 Apr 1938 Statute of Catalonia of 1932 is (retroactively) declared to have ceased to be effective since 17 Jul 1936, the provinces of Barcelona, Gerona, Lérida and Tarragona are placed under the government of provincial administrations in accordance with a law signed by the Head of State of Spain on 5 Apr 1938 (Spain Official Gazette, Burgos, No. 534, 8 Apr 1938, p. 6674) [3]
26 Jan 1939 polity collapsed following the occupation of the seat of government (Barcelona) by the armed forced of the National Uprising (Alzamiento Nacional)

[1] Full title (Spanish): Ley relativa al Estatuto de Cataluña; (Catalan): Estatut de Catalunya.
[2] Catalan text of the Statute was approved at a session of the Council of the Generalitat on 5 Oct 1932.
[3] The law of 5 Apr 1938 was signed by Francisco Franco in his capacity as the Head of State (Jefe del Estado) in Burgos, on the territory controlled by the forces of the National Uprising (Alzamiento Nacional), and had no immediate effect on the territory of Catalonia controlled by the Spanish Republic.
Last updated on: 21 Dec 2020 22:02:17