Spain: Heads of State: 1931-1939

Presidente del Gobierno Provisional de la República
14 Apr 1931 - 30 Jul 1931 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora
Presidente del Gobierno de la República Española
30 Jul 1931 - 14 Oct 1931 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora (x)
14 Oct 1931 - 11 Dec 1931 Manuel Azaña [1]
Presidente de la República [2]
11 Dec 1931 - 7 Apr 1936 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora (x)
8 Apr 1936 - 11 May 1936 Diego Martínez Barrio [3]
11 May 1936 - 3 Mar 1939 Manuel Azaña (x) [4]
Presidente del Consejo Nacional de Defensa
5 Mar 1939 - 27 Mar 1939 José Miaja Menant

[1] From 9 Dec 1931 pending the election and installation of a Presidente de la República; continues in office until 16 Dec 1931.
[2] Also in official use: Presidente de la República Española (not prescribed by the Constitution).
[3] Usually, though informally, styled Presidente interino de la República.
[4] In the course of the Civil War in Spain, the country was divided into a number of zones controlled, respectively, by the Republican and the Nationalist governments; a rival polity, Estado Español, set up by the Nationalists on 24 Jul 1936 outlived República Española.
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 04:12:35