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Grévy, Jules

François-Jules-Paul Grévy

b. 15 Aug 1807, Mont-sous-Vaudrey, Jura [1]
d. 9 Sep 1891, Mont-sous-Vaudrey, Jura

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 16 Feb 1871 - 2 Apr 1873
Chronology: 16 Feb 1871, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), Grand Théâtre, Bordeaux [2]
17 Feb 1871, assumed the chair, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), Grand Théâtre, Bordeaux [3]
2 Apr 1873, letter of resignation (dated 2 Apr 1873, Versailles) submitted to the National Assembly, acknowledged; following the reading of resignation reelected President, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), opéra du Palais de Versailles, Versailles [4][5]
2 Apr 1873, elected, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), opéra du Palais de Versailles, Versailles [4][5]
3 Apr 1873, declined re-election, notice (dated 3 Apr 1873, Versailles) submitted to the National Assembly, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), opéra du Palais de Versailles, Versailles [6]
Other offices: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic) (30 Jan 1879 - 2 Dec 1887) [see details]
Biography:
Attended schools at Poligny and Besançon; studied law at the Collège de l'Arc at Dole, Jura; was admitted to the bar in Paris (1837); participated in political trials during the July Monarchy; after the revolution of 1848, he was appointed commissioner of the Republic for the département of Jura (15 Mar 1848 - 29 Apr 1848); elected to the Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly), representing Jura (1848-1849); served as vice-president of the National Assembly (5 Mar 1849 - 26 May 1849); elected to the Assemblée nationale législative (Legislative National Assembly) (1849-1851); abstained from politics from 1851 until 1868 as one of the opposition figures; returned to practicing law during the Second Empire; elected to fill a vacancy in the Corps législatif (1868-1870); after the fall of Napoléon III elected to the Assemblee nationale (National Assembly) from Jura (1871-1876); president of the National Assembly (16 Feb 1871 - 2 Apr 1873); resigned under the pressure of the monarchists (2 Apr 1873); elected president again (2 Apr 1876), but refused to serve (3 Apr 1873); elected to the Chambre des députés [Chamber of Deputies] (1876-1879); provisional president (8 Mar 1876 - 13 Mar 1876), president (13 Mar 1876 - 30 Jan 1879) of the Chamber of Deputies; following the resignation of Marshal de Mac Mahon, he was elected President of the Republic (30 Jan 1879); favored strong legislature at the expense of weak executive; opposed colonial expansion, but France turned Annam and Tonkin in its protectorate (1883) and sent an expedition to Madagascar (1883-1885); won reelection with overwhelming majority of votes (28 Dec 1885); was forced to resign (2 Dec 1887) because of a scandal over the sale of decorations for the Légion d'Honneur by his son-in-law.
Biographical sources: Bonnières (1883): "Mémoires d'aujourd'hui", by Robert de Bonnières (Paris: Ollendorff, 1883); Jeambrun (1991): "Jules Grévy, ou, La République debout", by Pierre Jeambrun (Paris: Tallandier, 1991).
Elections:

Candidate Vote (16 Jan 1871)
votes cast 536
blank/invalid 5
valid votes/absolute majority 531/266
François-Jules-Paul Grévy 519
Denis-Aimé-René-Emmanuel comte Benoist d'Azy 3
Napoléon comte Daru 1
Léon-Michel Gambetta 1
Edgar Quinet 1
Source of electoral results: Annales de l'Assemblée nationale, 1:56.

[1] As confirmed by his certificate of birth published in Jeambrun (1991), 15: "Du seizième jour du mois d'août, à deux heures du soir, l'an mil huit cent sept; Acte de naissance de François Jules Pole Grévy, né à Mont-sous-Vaudrey, le quinze de courant, à onze heures du soir, fils de Mr François Hyacinthe Grévy..." Additional information is found in Bonnières (1883), 79-80 (web site)
[2] Annales de l'Assemblée nationale, 1:56.
[3] Annales de l'Assemblée nationale, 1:59.
[4] Annales de l'Assemblée nationale, 17:225-229.
[5] Journal des débats, politiques et littéraires. Édition de Paris. Jeudi 3 Avril 1873.
[6] Annales de l'Assemblée nationale, 17:254.
  Image: photograph by Nadar (c. 1880)

This page was last updated on: 28 Aug 2012 05:56:52

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