Biography of Carroll, Daniel - Archontology
Carroll, Daniel

Daniel Carroll

b. 11/22 Jul 1730, Upper Marlboro, Prince George's County, Maryland
d. 7 May 1796, Rock Creek (Forest Glen), near Washington, D.C.

Title: Chairman of Congress
Term: 3 Nov 1783 - 12 Dec 1783
Chronology: 3 Nov 1783, elected to the office of the Chairman of Congress, session of Congress, Nassau Hall, College of New Jersey, Princeton, New Jersey [1][2]
12 Dec 1783, ceased to exercise the duties of office upon the taking office by the President of Congress [2]
Educated at the Jesuit School at Bohemia Manor, Maryland, and at St. Omer's College, France; as a Roman Catholic, he was legally prevented from holding public office in Maryland; once these laws were repealed in 1776, he was elected to the Council of the State of Maryland (1777-1781); elected a delegate from Maryland to the Continental Congress (1781-1783) and was one of the signers of the Articles of Confederation; elected the Chairman of Congress (3 Nov 1783) pending the installation of President Thomas Mifflin, who eventually assumed the chair on 13 Dec 1783; was appointed a delegate to the convention that framed the Federal Constitution (1787); represented Western Shore in the Senate of the Maryland General Assembly (1781-1790); served as President of the Senate of Maryland in 1783, 1786, 1787, 1788, 1789; was elected to the U.S. Congress (served: 4 Mar 1789 - 3 Mar 1791) and took active part in fixing the seat of government for the United States; appointed a commissioner to locate the District of Columbia and the Federal City and served until 25 Jul 1795, when he resigned.
Biographical sources: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (2005), p. 791.

[1] Journals of the Continental Congress, 25:799.
[2] "The Continental Congress at Princeton", by Varnum Lansing Collins (Princeton: The University library, 1908), 237-243.
[3] Journals of the Continental Congress, 25:810.