Biography of Pi y Margall, Francisco - Archontology
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Pi y Margall, Francisco

Francisco Pi y Margall

b. 29 Apr 1824, Barcelona
d. 29 Nov 1901, Madrid

Title: Presidente del Poder Ejecutivo de la República (President of the Executive Power of the Republic)
Term: 11 Jun 1873 - 18 Jul 1873
Chronology: 11 Jun 1873, elected, session of the Cortes Constituyentes (Constituent Cortes), Palacio de las Cortes, Madrid [1]
18 Jul 1873, resignation (dated 18 Jul 1873) submitted to the Constituent Cortes, accepted, session of the Constituent Cortes, salón de sesiones del Congreso de los Diputados, Palacio de las Cortes, Madrid [2][3]
Names/titles: Català/Catalan: Francesc Pi i Margall
Presidente del Gobierno de la República (this style is used when counter-signing a minister's decree) [11 Jun 1873 - 18 Jul 1873]

Son of a textile worker; attended a seminary (1831-1837); studied philosophy and law in the University of Barcelona, earning his doctoral degree; moved to Madrid (1847); wrote for the journals El Renacimiento and El Correo; became a member of Partido Demócrata (Democratic Party) in 1848; worked for Catalonian bank, Martí; participated in the revolution of 1854 and published La reacción y la revolución, in which he revealed his political credo; influenced by philosophy of Hegel and Proudhon, he founded La Razón, a journal close by reactionary government; moved to Vergara, Guipuscoa, Basque country, where lived until 1857; on request of Nicolás María Rivero, he returned to Madrid to work for the Republican daily La Discusión; assumed the position of director in La Discusión in 1864; following an unsuccessful revolt of 1866 in Madrid, he fled to Paris; developed ideas about revolution and philosophy of history; was elected to the Cortes Constituyentes (Constituent Cortes, 1869-1871) as a deputy for Barcelona; rose to prominence in politics as a leader of the republican minority in Partido Republicano Democrático Federal (Federal Democratic Republican Party); voted for República federal during the election of Spanish king (16 Nov 1870); elected to the Cortes as a deputy for Barcelona (1871-1873); after the proclamation of the First Republic, he was named minister of the interior (12 Feb 1873 - 18 Jul 1873) by the Asamblea Nacional (National Assembly), which appointed the government of Estanislao Figueras; on two occasions acted for Figueras as Presidente interino del Poder Ejecutivo and Presidente interino del Gobierno de la República (10 Mar 1873 - 25 Mar 1873, 22 Apr 1873 - 28 Apr 1873); suppressed the Cantonalist rising; elected to the Constituent Cortes (1873-1874) as a deputy for Barcelona; elected President of the Executive Power (11 Jun 1873 - 18 Jul 1873) and formed a government, retaining the position of interior minister; presented to the Cortes an ambitious plan of reform, but resigned due to a lack of support from political allies; after the collapse of the Republic, abandoned political scene for almost a decade; returned to writings, publishing La República de 1873 (1874), Las Nacionalidades (1877), Historia General de América (1878), La Federación (1880), Las luchas de nuestros días (1884) and other works; deputy of the Cortes (1886-1892, 1893-1895, 1899-1901); participated in the Republican Congress of Zaragoza (1883), calling for promulgation of a federal republican constitution for Spain; founded the newspaper El Nuevo Régimen, which campaigned for Cuban independence; was instrumental in reforming the republican movement with a new manifesto for Partido Federal (Federal Party, 1894). Biography source: [4]


Candidate Vote (11 Jun 1873)
Francisco Pi y Margall 196
José Rubau y Donadeu 1
Source for election results: [1]

[1] Gaceta de Madrid, jueves 12 de Junio de 1873. Núm. 163. PP. 703, 709.
[2] Gaceta de Madrid, sábado 19 de Julio de 1873. Núm. 200. P. 1103.
[3] Gaceta de Madrid, domingo 20 de Julio de 1873. Núm. 201. P. 1109.
[4] Enciclopedia de Historia de España. Vol. IV. Diccionario biográfico. (Madrid: Alianza Editorial, 1991). PP. 684-685.
[5] Portrait (1873).