Poland: Polity Style: 1916-2021 - Archontology.org

Poland: Polity Style: 1916-2021

5 Nov 1916 a proclamation providing for establishment of an independent Kingdom of Poland endorsed by the emperors of Germany and Austria-Hungary is made public, solemn ceremony held in the Royal Castle of Warsaw (Kurier Warszawski, No. 308, 6 Nov 1916, pp. 1-4)
5 Nov 1916 - 14 Nov 1918 Królestwo Polskie | Kingdom of Poland
7 Nov 1918 Provisional People's Government of the Republic of Poland is constituted, meeting of the government, Lublin
7 Nov 1918 - 1 Jun 1921 Republika Polska (gradually replaced with Rzeczpospolita Polska) | Republic of Poland [1][2]
14 Nov 1918 Council of Regency transferred state authority to Józef Piłsudski (Kurier Warszawski, No. 315, Extra, 14 Nov 1918, p. 1)
1 Jun 1921 the use of Rzeczpospolita Polska is formally endorsed in accordance with the Constitution of 1921 passed by the Constituent Assembly (Sejm Ustawodawczy) on 17 Mar 1921 (effective upon promulgation) (Dziennik Ustaw, No. 44, 1 Jun 1921, pp. 633-658, item 267)
1 Jun 1921 - 28 Sep 1939 Rzeczpospolita Polska | Republic of Poland
28 Sep 1939 polity disintegrates upon the occupation of the seat of government by the armed forces of Germany
26 Oct 1939 parts of Poland are annexed by Germany; non-annexed territory constituted as the General Government
22 Jul 1944 - 22 Jul 1952 Rzeczpospolita Polska | Republic of Poland [3]
22 Jul 1952 name of the state is changed in accordance with the Constitution passed by the Constituent Assembly (Sejm Ustawodawczy) on 22 Jul 1952 and made operative on the same date by Art. 1 of a Constitutional Law passed by the Sejm Ustawodawczy 22 Jul 1952 (Dziennik Ustaw, No. 33, 23 Jul 1952, pp. 343-372, items 232-233)
22 Jul 1952 - 31 Dec 1989 Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa | People's Republic of Poland
31 Dec 1989 name of the state is changed in accordance with a law amending the Constitution of 1952 (effective upon promulgation) (Dziennik Ustaw, No. 75, 31 Dec 1989, pp. 1147-1148, item 444)
31 Dec 1989 - Rzeczpospolita Polska | Republic of Poland

[1] Republika Polska originated in dissidence on 7 Nov 1918, superseding Królestwo Polskie on 14 Nov 1918.
[2] Republika Polska, Rzeczpospolita Polska, and Państwo Polskie are used interchangeably until early 1919 when Rzeczpospolita Polska becomes the most frequently used official style.
[3] Dated by the Manifesto of 22 Jul 1944 issued on behalf of the Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego (Polish Committee of National Liberation), a governmental body ostensibly appointed by the Krajowa Rada Narodowa (State National Council); Rzeczpospolita Polska remains a notional polity without territorial authority at least until 27 Jul 1944 when the first members of the Committee arrived to Chełm, Poland.
Last updated on: 29 Jul 2020 15:19:08