India: Polity Style: 1947-2024 - Archontology
HomeNationsIndiaPolity Style: 1947-2024

India: Polity Style: 1947-2024

15 Aug 1947 British India is partitioned into the independent dominions of India and Pakistan in accordance with an act passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom (House of Commons on 15 Jul 1947, House of Lords on 16 Jul 1947; received Royal Assent on 18 Jul 1947; effective on 15 Aug 1947) (Public General Acts, 1947, Volume I, pp. 236-255) [1]
15 Aug 1947 a provisional constitution of the Dominion of India, the India (Provisional Constitution) Order, 1947, is made by the Governor General of British India on 14 Aug 1947 and came into force on 15 Aug 1947 (Gazette of India, Extra, 14 Aug 1947, pp. 834-903)
15 Aug 1947 - 25 Jan 1950 Bhāratīya Adhirājya (भारतीय अधिराज्य) :: Dominion of India [2]
26 Jan 1950 the Constitution of India is adopted by the Constituent Assembly on 26 Nov 1949 and came into effect on the day (26 Jan 1950) fixed by Art. 394 of the Constitution (Gazette of India, Extra, 26 Nov 1949, pp. 2347-2597) [3][4]
26 Jan 1950 - Bhārat (भारत) :: India

[1] Full title: An Act to make provision for the setting up in India of two independent Dominions, to substitute order provisions for certain provisions of the Government of India Act, 1935, which apply outside those Dominions, and to provide for other matters consequential on or connected with the setting up of those Dominions; short title: Indian Independence Act, 1947.
[2] The Hindi-language style (Bhāratīya Adhirājya) appeared retrospectively in the Constitution of India (1949), referring to the polity existing under the India (Provisional Constitution) Order, 1947.
[3] The authoritative texts of the Constitution style the polity in Hindi: Bhārat, arthāt‌ Iṃḍiyā (भारत, अर्थात्‌ इंडिया); English: India, that is Bharat.
[4] The preamble to the Constitution as adopted in 1949 established the polity as Prabhutva-Saṃpanna Loktaṃtrātmak Gaṇrājya (प्रभुत्व-संपन्न लोकतंत्रात्मक गणराज्य) :: Sovereign Democratic Republic, but these words were not made part of the official style of the polity.