Biography of Raveaux, Franz - Archontology
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Raveaux, Franz

Peter Franz Joseph Raveaux

b. 29 Apr 1810, Cologne, French Empire [2]
d. 13 Sep 1851, Laeken, Belgium

Title: Mitglied der deutschen Reichsregentschaft (Member of the German Reich Regency)
Term: 6 Jun 1849 - 18 Jun 1849
Chronology: 6 Jun 1849, elected, session of the Nationalversammlung (National Assembly), Saal der würtembergischen Kammer der Abgeordneten, Stuttgart [1, IX, 6821-6822]
  18 Jun 1849, National Assembly and Reich Regency are prevented from further functioning and dissolved by the use of troops of the Königreich Württemberg (Kingdom of Württemberg) [1, IX, 6875-6880]

Born in the family of a warehouse administrator; attended schools in Cologne (1820-1824); expelled (1824); attended the Academy of Fine Arts in Düsseldorf (1825-1828); volunteer in a Prussian dragoon regiment (1828-1830), deserted (1830); lived in Brussels (1830-1834), where participated in the Revolution of 1830; participated in the Carlist War in Spain (1834-1836); salesman in Cologne (1837-1842) and Blankenheim (1842-1843); involved in cigar manufacturing in Cologne (from 1843); editor in the Kölnischer Anzeiger (1840s); founder and president of the Cologne Carnival Society (1843-1846); municipal counselor in Cologne (1846-1848); member of the Vorparlament (1848) and its standing committee (Fünfzigerausschuß); elected as a representative of Cologne, Province Rhineland, to the Nationalversammlung (National Assembly) and served as deputy (18 May 1848 - 18 Jun 1849); joined the radical democrats (Deutscher Hof); envoy of the Provisional Authority of Germany in Switzerland (30 Aug 1848 - 28 Nov 1848); member of the constitutional committee (1849); was sent to Baden as Reich commissioner (from 12 May 1849), but joined the rebellion; commandant of Mannheim (1849); member of the Provisional Government of Baden (1849); joined the National Assembly in Stuttgart, Württemberg (Rumpfparlament) (6 Jun 1849); elected a member of the German Reich Regency, serving as its chairman and head of the war department; fled to Switzerland (late June 1849); banished from Switzerland and moved to France; banished from France; acquired a farm near Laeken, Belgium; sentenced to death in-absentia by Cologne jury on charges of high treason (1851). Biography source: [3][4]


Candidate Votes (6 Jun 1849)
Peter Franz Joseph Raveaux 62
August Christoph Carl Vogt 15
Friedrich Schüler 11
Joseph Anton Christ 2
Friedrich Wilhelm Loewe 2
Jodocus Donatus Hubertus Temme 1
August Heinrich Simon 1
Ludwig Gerhard Gustav Simon 1
Christof Gottlob Heinrich Friedrich Römer 1
blank 2
abstentions 7
total votes cast 105
total valid votes cast/absolute majority 103/52
Election results: [2, IX, 6821]; other members of the Regency were elected in the rounds 2-8.

[1] Stenographischer Bericht über die Verhandlungen der deutschen constituirenden Nationalversammlung zu Frankfurt am Main, ed. by Franz Wigard (Frankfurt-am-Main: Johann David Sauerländer, 1848-1849)
[2] Possibly on 1 Apr 1810. See [4]
[3] "Der Kölner Rat. Biographisches Lexikon", ed. by Thomas Deres (Köln: Historisches Archiv der Stadt Köln, 2001-), Bd. 1, 1794-1919.
[4] "Biographisches Handbuch der Abgeordneten der Frankfurter Nationalversammlung 1848/49", ed. by Heinrich Best, Wilhelm Weege (Düsseldorf: Droste, 1996)
  Image: contemporary daguerreotype.