Biography of Dupont (de l'Eure), Jacques-Charles - Archontology
HomeNationsFranceHeads of StateDupont (de l'Eure), Jacques-Charles
Dupont (de l'Eure), Jacques-Charles

Jacques-Charles Dupont, dit Dupont (de l'Eure)

b. 27 Feb 1767, Neubourg, Eure
d. 2 Mar 1855, Rouge-Perriers, Eure

Title: Membre du Gouvernement provisoire de la République (Member of the Provisional Government of the Republic)
Term: 24 Feb 1848 - 11 May 1848
Chronology: 24 Feb 1848, proclaimed a member of the Provisional Government, meeting of the Provisional Government, Hôtel de Ville, Paris [1][2]
4 May 1848, resignation of the Provisional Government is submitted to the Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly), acknowledged, meeting of the Assembly, Palais-Bourbon, Paris [3][4]
11 May 1848, Provisional Government ceased to exist upon the installation of the Commission du Pouvoir exécutif (Executive Commission) [5]
A descendant of bourgeoisie family; served as lawyer in the Parlement of Normandy (from 1789); held municipal offices in Neubourg and Louviers; elected to the Conseil des Cinq-Cents [Council of Five Hundred] (1798-1799); supported the Brumaire coup (1799); held judicial offices in Rouen and Eure during the Consulate and First Empire; created chevalier de l'Empire (26 Apr 1810); admitted to the Corps législatif (1813-1814) from Eure; assumed the seat in the Chambre des députés [Chamber of deputies] (1814-1815); vice president of the Chamber (1814-1815); elected to the Chambre des représentants [Chamber of Representatives] (1815); second vice president of the Chamber (1815); was not reelected to the royal parliament after the Bourbons regained the throne (1815); elected to the Chamber of Deputies from Eure (1817-1848); named provisional commissar for justice (31 Jul 1830 - 11 Aug 1830) by the Commission municipale (Municipal Commission) and confirmed in this office by the ordinance of Louis-Philippe duc d'Orléans (1 Aug 1830); justice minister (11 Aug 1830 - 28 Oct 1830) in the first cabinet of Louis-Philippe I; took active part in organization of anti-monarchist banquets (February 1848); acclaimed as a member and President of the Gouvernement provisoire [Provisional Government] (24 Feb 1848 - 9 May 1848); appointed Président provisoire du Conseil (Provisional President of the Council) [24 Feb 1848 - 11 May 1848] [4]; elected to the Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly) (1848-1849), but his advanced age prevented him from active participation; emphatically fought against Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, but failed to enter the Assemblée Legislative (Legislative National Assembly) in 1849 and abandoned political life.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, pp. 498-500.

[1] Procès-verbaux du Gouvernement provisoire et de la Commission du pouvoir exécutif , p. 1.
[2] Neither the minutes of the Government sessions, nor the decrees of 24 Feb 1848 supply any evidence that Dupont was appointed to the office of Président du Gouvernement provisoire. The memoirs of chief actors of the revolutionary events in Paris indicate that Dupont was approved as president by acclamation. The first instance of the use of the style Président du Gouvernement provisoire in the minutes is the meeting of 28 Feb 1848 when it appears under the text as "Le Président du Gouvernement provisoire, Signé: Dupont de l'Eure."
  Dupont was appointed Président provisoire du Conseil to preside over the council of ministers (decree of the Provisional Government of 24 Feb 1848). There appears never to have been a meeting of the ministers in the form of a Conseil des ministres, chaired by Dupont. However, the term Conseil occurred frequently to mean the Provisional Government with its ministers and very occasionally stood for the Government making decisions.
[3] Compte rendu des séances de l'Assemblée nationale, 1:1.
[4] Dupont submitted the collective resignation of the Provisional Government on 4 May 1848, but it continued to work until 6 May 1848, when the last (77th) meeting took place.
[5] Procès-verbaux du Gouvernement provisoire et de la Commission du pouvoir exécutif , pp. 249-252.