Biography of Jeanbon, André - Archontology
Jeanbon, André

André Jeanbon, dit Jeanbon Saint-André

b. 25 Feb 1749, Montauban, Lot (now Tarn-et-Garonne) [1]
d. 10 Dec 1813, Mayence, French Empire (now Mainz, Germany)

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 11 Jul 1793 - 25 Jul 1793
Chronology: 11 Jul 1793, elected, assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2]
25 Jul 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [3]
Names/titles: Original surname (birth record): Gembon; transformed into Jeanbon (also spelled: Jean-Bon); also known as: Jeanbon Saint-André (Jean-Bon Saint-André, Jean-Bon-Saint-André); baron Jeanbon Saint-André, baron de l'Empire (baron Jeanbon Saint-André, baron of the Empire) [from 9 Jun 1809]
Born in the family of a fuller; attended a college at Montauban (1759-1765); was trained as sailor at Bordeaux (1765-1766); served in the merchant navy (1766-1771); studied at the Lausanne seminary (1771-1773) and became a Protestant minister at Castres (1773-1783) and afterwards at Montauban (1788-1790); appointed a municipal officer at Montauban (1790); elected (6 Sep 1792) to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795) as a deputy for the département of Lot; took seat with the Montagnards; was elected president of the Jacobin Club (2 Nov 1792); served as a secretary of the National Convention (29 Nov 1792 - 13 Dec 1792); voted for the death sentence in the trial of King Louis XVI; was elected a member of the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (12 Jun 1793 - 31 Jul 1794); served as President of the National Convention (11 Jul 1793 - 25 Jul 1793); reorganized the military harbors of Brest and Cherbourg (1793-1794); was sent on a mission to Toulon and Marseilles; arrested (28 May 1795); released by the amnesty of 26 Oct 1795; served as consul at Algiers and Smyrna (1798); was kept prisoner by the Turks (1798-1801); appointed commissary-general of the départements on the left bank of the Rhine (20 Dec 1801 - 22 Sep 1802) and prefect of the département of Mont-Tonnerre (20 Dec 1801 - 10 Dec 1813).
Biographical sources: "Le conventionnel Jeanbon Saint-André: membre du Comité de salut public, organisateur de la marine de la Terreur, 1749-1813", by Léon Lévy-Schneider (Paris: Félix Alcan, 1901) (web site); Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 346-350; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 3:412-413.

Candidate Votes (11 Jul 1793)
André Jeanbon, dit Jeanbon Saint-André 286
voters/absolute majority 163/144
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 68:583; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 16:55.

[1] Le conventionnel Jeanbon Saint-André, op. cit., p. 2.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 68:583-584; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 16:55.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 69:523; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 17:243.
  Image: portrait by Jacques-Louis David (1795).