Biography of Delacroix, Jean-François - Archontology
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Delacroix, Jean-François

Jean-François Delacroix, dit Lacroix

b. 3 Apr 1753, Pont-Audemer, Eure
d. 5 Apr 1794, Paris

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 4 Oct 1792 - 18 Oct 1792
Chronology: 4 Oct 1792, elected, session of the Convention, Salle du Manège, Paris [1]
5 Oct 1792, assumed the chair, session of the Convention, Salle du Manège, Paris [2]
18 Oct 1792, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [3]
Other offices: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly) (19 Aug 1792 - 2 Sep 1792) [see details]
Son of a surgeon; served in gendarmerie; studied law and was admitted to the bar; became an avocat at Anet, near Dreux; was nominated procureur-général-syndic for the département of Eure-et-Loir; served as a judge in the Tribunal of Appeals of Eure-et-Loir; was elected to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792); member of the Jacobin club; appointed to the military committee of the Assembly; served as vice president (10 Jul 1792 - 23 Jul 1792, 11 Aug 1792 - 19 Aug 1792) and president (19 Aug 1792 - 2 Sep 1792) of the National Assembly; became active in the Cordelier club, where he met Georges Danton; elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1794); took seat with the Montagnards; elected President of the National Convention (4 Oct 1792 - 18 Oct 1792); named one of the four commissioners (Camus, Delacroix, Gossuin, Danton) to the army of general Charles-François Dumouriez (30 Nov 1792); was absent in the beginning of the trial of King Louis XVI; after his return from Belgium, he voted for death sentence and against reprieve; was appointed a member of the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (7 Apr 1793 - 10 Jul 1793); responsible for conducting war affairs; appointed (29 Aug 1793) representative of the Convention to Seine-Inférieure; entrusted with organisation of revolutionary government in the départements of Eure and Seine-Inférieure; recalled in early 1794; called for the abolition of slavery throughout France's territories (1794); was accused of conspiring with Dumouriez to overthrow the National Convention; arrested (31 Mar 1794) and sentenced to death (5 Apr 1794) along with Danton, Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles, Camille Desmoulins and others.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 2:300-301; Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 187-189.

Candidate Votes (4 Oct 1792)
Jean-François Delacroix, dit Lacroix 312
voters 460
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 52:318.

[1] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 52:318.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 52:334.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 52:568.