Biography of Boyer-Fonfrède, Jean-Baptiste - Archontology
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Boyer-Fonfrède, Jean-Baptiste

Jean-Baptiste Boyer-Fonfrède

b. 5 Dec 1760, Bordeaux, Gironde
d. 31 Oct 1793, Paris

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 2 May 1793 - 16 May 1793
Chronology: 2 May 1793, elected, assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election, session of the Convention, Salle du Manège, Paris [1]
16 May 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [2]
Descended from the family of rich Bordeaux merchants; resided in the Netherlands before the outbreak of the Revolution (1789); served as a municipal officer at Bordeaux, joined the local Jacobin Club; elected (7 Sep 1792) to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1793) as a deputy for the département of Gironde; was a member of the committees for commerce and colonies; voted for the death sentence in the trial of King Louis XVI; served as President of the National Convention (2 May 1793 - 16 May 1793) and chaired the first meeting gathered at a new venue of sessions — salle des Machines, Palais des Tuileries (10 May 1793); was nominated (21 May 1793) a member of the Commission des Douze (Commission of Twelve) to ensure security of the Girondin-dominated Convention; refused to approve the arrest of extreme radical leader Hébert sanctioned by the commission; survived initial purge of the Convention in the course of a Montagnard coup d'état (2 Jun 1793); continued to sit in the Convention and energetically defended the arrested Girondins; accused by the decree of the Convention (3 Oct 1793) and condemned to death by the revolutionary tribunal (30 Oct 1793); guillotined (31 Oct 1793).
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 85-86; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 1:466-467.

Candidate Votes (2 May 1793)
Jean-Baptiste Boyer-Fonfrède 173
voters/absolute majority 293/147
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 64:24; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 11:24.

[1] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 64:24; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 11:24.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 64:768; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 12:18.