Jin: Emperors: 266-316 - Archontology.org

Jin: Emperors: 266-316

Each ruler is recorded under the following protocol: temple name (miàohào | 廟號) || personal name (míng | ), considered tabooed (huì | ) upon accession; courtesy name (zì | ); posthumous name (shì | ). The years of bestowal or change are given in brackets.
Ruling House: Sīmǎ (司馬)
Huángdì (皇帝)
8 Feb 266 - 16 May 290 Shìzǔ (世祖) [290] || Sīmǎ Yán (司馬炎)
  courtesy name: Ānshì (安世)
  posthumous name: Wǔ huángdì (武皇帝) [290]
   
16 May 290 - 3 Feb 301 no temple name bestowed || Sīmǎ Zhōng (司馬衷) [1]
   
3 Feb 301 - 30 May 301 no temple name bestowed || Sīmǎ Lún (司馬倫)
  courtesy name: Ziyí (子彝)
   
30 May 301 - 8 Jan 307 no temple name bestowed || Sīmǎ Zhōng (司馬衷) (x)
  courtesy name: Zhèngdù (正度)
  posthumous name: Xiào huì huángdì (孝惠皇帝) [307]
   
11 Jan 307 - 13 Jul 311 no temple name bestowed || Sīmǎ Chì (司馬熾) [2][3]
  courtesy name: Fēngdù (豐度)
  posthumous name: Xiào huái huángdì (孝懷皇帝) [313]
   
7 Jun 313 - 11 Dec 316 no temple name bestowed || Sīmǎ Yè (司馬鄴) [4][5][6]
  courtesy name: Yànqí (彥旗)
  common reference (byname): Mǐndì (愍帝) [7]
   

[1] Honorific title (after abdication): Tài shàng huáng (太上皇) [301]; restored to the throne in 301.
[2] The army of Zhao entered the capital of Jin, Luoyang, on 13 Jul 311 and captured the emperor who was later sent to the Zhao capital, Pingyang, and was executed on 14 Mar 313.
[3] Nobility title (after relinquishing imperial dignity): Kuàijī gōng (會稽公) [311] (conferred by the ruler of Zhao).
[4] After the fall of Luoyang, a provisional capital of Jin was set up in Chang'an (in the vicinity of modern Xi'an, Shaanxi Province) in 312. The crown prince Sīmǎ Yè assumed the government in the absence of the captured emperor. The news of the death of Sīmǎ Chì reached Chang'an on 12 May 313 and Sīmǎ Yè acceded to the throne on 7 Jun 313.
[5] Nobility title (after relinquishing imperial dignity): Huái'ān hóu (懷安侯) [316] (conferred by the ruler of Zhao).
[6] After the siege of Chang'an by the army of Zhao, Sīmǎ Yè surrendered and was captured on 11 Dec 316. He was sent to the Zhao capital, Pingyang, and was executed on 7 Feb 318.
[7] The epithet Mǐndì (愍帝), used by historians, is the term meaning "the pitied emperor".
Last updated on: 24 Jul 2021 12:34:40