Turkey: Heads of State: 1923-2016

The names in parentheses, except where noted, correspond to the names used before the introduction of surnames by the Law of 21 Jun 1934.
Reisicumhur | President [1]
29 Oct 1923 - 10 Nov 1938 Gazı Mustafa Kemal (from 24 Nov 1934 Mustafa Kemal Atatürk) (x)
Reisicumhur Vekili | Acting President
10 Nov 1938 - 11 Nov 1938 Mustafa Abdülhalik Renda (Mustafa Abdülhalik Bey)
Reisicumhur | President [1]
11 Nov 1938 - 15 Jan 1945 Mustafa İsmet İnönü (Mustafa İsmet Paşa)
Cumhurbaşkanı | President [2]
15 Jan 1945 - 22 May 1950 Mustafa İsmet İnönü (Mustafa İsmet Paşa) (x)
22 May 1950 - 31 Dec 1952 Mahmut Celâl Bayar (Mahmut Celâl Bey) [3]
Reisicumhur | President [1]
31 Dec 1952 - 27 May 1960 Mahmut Celâl Bayar (Mahmut Celâl Bey) (x)
Millî Birlik Komitesi Başkanı | Chairman of the Committee of National Unity
27 May 1960 - 28 May 1960 Cemal Gürsel
Devlet Reisi | Head of State
28 May 1960 - 12 Jun 1960 Cemal Gürsel (x)
Devlet Başkanı | Head of State
12 Jun 1960 - 26 Oct 1961 Cemal Gürsel (x)
Cumhurbaşkanı | President
26 Oct 1961 - 28 Mar 1966 Cemal Gürsel (x)
Cumhurbaşkanı Vekili | Acting President
28 Mar 1966 - 28 Mar 1966 İbrahim Şevki Atasagun [4]
Cumhurbaşkanı | President
28 Mar 1966 - 28 Mar 1973 Cevdet Sunay
Cumhurbaşkanı Vekili | Acting President
28 Mar 1973 - 6 Apr 1973 Mehmet Tekin Arıburun
Cumhurbaşkanı | President
6 Apr 1973 - 6 Apr 1980 Fahri Sabit Korutürk
Cumhurbaşkanı Vekili | Acting President
6 Apr 1980 - 12 Sep 1980 İhsan Sabri Çağlayangil
Devlet Başkanı | Head of State
12 Sep 1980 - 9 Nov 1982 Ahmet Kenan Evren
Cumhurbaşkanı | President
9 Nov 1982 - 9 Nov 1989 Ahmet Kenan Evren (x)
9 Nov 1989 - 17 Apr 1993 Halil Turgut Özal
Cumhurbaşkanı Vekili | Acting President
17 Apr 1993 - 16 May 1993 Hüsamettin Cindoruk
Cumhurbaşkanı | President
16 May 1993 - 16 May 2000 Süleyman Sami Demirel [5]
16 May 2000 - 28 Aug 2007 Ahmet Necdet Sezer
28 Aug 2007 - 28 Aug 2014 Abdullah Gül
28 Aug 2014 - Recep Tayyip Erdoğan

[1] Also in official use: Türkiye Reisicumhuru (President of Turkey); the articles of the Constitution of 1924 and its modified versions, including Art. 38 prescribing the text of the oath of office, refer to the office as Reisicumhur (President), except for Art. 31 where Türkiye Reisicumhuru (President of Turkey) is included.
[2] The articles of the Constitution of 1924 officially translated into simplified Turkish (effective 15 Jan 1945), including Art. 38 prescribing the text of the oath of office, refer to the office as Cumhurbaşkanı (President), except for Art. 31 where Türkiye Cumhurbaşkanı (President of Turkey) is included.
[3] In full: Mahmut Celâleddin Bayar (Mahmut Celâleddin Bey)
[4] Assumed the functions of the President (Cumhurbaşkanı) 2 Feb 1966, acting for the absent incumbent who never resumed presidency; continued in office during a short period between the moment when the office of the President was declared vacant at the joint meeting of the Grand National Assembly (28 Mar 1966) and inauguration of Cevdet Sunay on the same day.
[5] Bore the family name "Gündoğdu" before it was replaced with "Demirel".
Last updated on: 16 Jul 2016 02:56:09