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Müller, Hermann

Hermann Müller

b. 18 May 1876, Mannheim
d. 20 Mar 1931, Berlin-Tempelhof

Title: Reichskanzler (Reich Chancellor)
Term: 27 Mar 1920 - 21 Jun 1920
Chronology: 27 Mar 1920, appointed by the Reichspräsident (Reich President) [1][2]
  8 Jun 1920, resignation submitted to the Reich President, accepted pending the appointment of a successor [3]
  21 Jun 1920, discharged by the Reich President [4]
Term: 29 Jun 1928 - 30 Mar 1930
Chronology: 29 Jun 1928, appointed by the Reichspräsident (Reich President)
  27 Mar 1928, resignation submitted to the Reich President, accepted pending the appointment of a successor
  30 Mar 1928, discharged by the Reich President
Names/titles: Byname: Müller-Franken;
  Vorsitzender des Zentralrats der deutschen sozialistischen Republik (Chairman of the Central Council of the German Socialist Republic) [20 Dec 1918 - 14 Apr 1919] (see details)
Biography:


Son of a sparkling wine producer; attended public schools in Mannheim and Realgymnasium in Dresden-Neustadt; worked as accountant apprentice and salesman in Frankfurt/Main and Breslau; joined the Social Democratic Party (Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands, SPD) in 1893; worked as editor of the social democratic newspaper Görlitzer Volkszeitung (1899-1906); member of the municipal council in Görlitz (1903-1906); was elected to the SPD executive board in 1906 after his candidature was proposed by the party leader August Bebel; as moderate social democrat, he was sent to France to coordinate socialist opposition to the impending World War I; elected to the Reichstag (1916-1918) to represent Reichenbach-Neurode and was one of the seven SPD-members elected to the Vollzugsrat der Arbeiter- und Soldatenräte Groß-Berlins (Executive Council of the Workers' and Soldiers' Councils of Greater Berlin) on 10 Nov 1918; elected to the Zentralrat (Central Council) at the First Reich Congress of Councils (16 Dec 1918 - 21 Dec 1918); elected one of the chairmen of the Central Council (20 Dec 1918 - 14 Apr 1919) along with Robert Leinert and Max Cohen-Reuß; elected to the Verfassunggebende Nationalversammlung (National Constituent Assembly); succeeded Friedrich Ebert (with Otto Wels) as co-chairman of the SPD; as foreign minister (21 Jun 1919 - 27 Mar 1920) in the Cabinet of Gustav Bauer, he signed the Treaty of Versailles for Germany; after the failure of the Kapp-Lüttwitz Putsch (1920), he was appointed Reich Chancellor in the government of the "Weimar coalition"; resigned after the "Weimar coalition" suffered defeat in the elections to the Reichstag (6 Jun 1920); failed to form a new government (12 Jun 1920) and was eventually replaced with Konstantin Fehrenbach; after the success of SPD in the 1928 elections (153 seats or 31 percent), formed his second coalition government with the People's Party, the Catholic Centre Party, the Democrats, and the Bavarian People's Party; began a naval construction program and negotiated the Young Plan, which reduced the reparations payments stipulated by the Treaty of Versailles; resigned the office (27 Mar 1930) after he failed to secure the support for his initiative in introducing the unemployment insurance in the conditions of the economic depression; died in 1931 after he underwent surgery. Biography source: [1][2]


[1] The date of appointment might be presumed from the process of negotiations over a new Cabinet and the last meeting of the Bauer Cabinet at 17:00 27 Mar 1921. Akten der Reichskanzlei: Weimarer Republik. Das Kabinett Bauer (Boppard am Rhein: Boldt, 1980), S. 767: "Nr. 217 Kabinettssitzung vom 27. März 1920, 17 Uhr. R 43 I/1354, Bl. 337–340 <...> {Footnote} Der Kabinettssitzung war am Vormittag die endgültig erscheinende Einigung der Verhandlungsdelegationen der Mehrheitsparteien über die Zusammensetzung der neuen, von Hermann Müller zu führenden RReg. vorausgegangen. Die Vereidigung des Kabinetts Müller wurde noch für den Abend des 27. 3. erwartet (vgl. – mit Kabinettsliste – DAZ Nr. 142 vom 27.3.20)." DAZ = Deutsche Allgemeine Zeitung
[2] Akten der Reichskanzlei: Weimarer Republik. Das Kabinett Müller I. (Boppard am Rhein: Boldt, 1971), S. 3: "Nr. 2 Kabinettssitzung vom 29. März 1920, 18 Uhr im Reichstag {Footnote} Die konstituierende Sitzung des Kabinetts Müller I hatte wahrscheinlich am 28.3.20, 12 h stattgefunden (R 43 I/1345, Bl. 61); eine Niederschrift oder eine Inhaltsangabe konnten nicht ermittelt werden."
[3] Akten der Reichskanzlei: Weimarer Republik. Das Kabinett Fehrenbach (Boppard am Rhein: Boldt, 1972), S. XI: "Am 8. Juni bot das Kabinett Müller I, das seinen Charakter als „Übergangskabinett“ nie geleugnet hatte, seinen Rücktritt an. Der Reichspräsident nahm das Rücktrittsgesuch an, bat die Minister jedoch, ihre Geschäfte bis auf weiteres fortzuführen. {Footnote} Siehe dazu Schultheß 1920, I, S. 147–148." Schultheß 1920 = Schultheß europäischer Geschichtskalender 1920.
[4] Presumed to take place on the same day when Konstantin Fehrenbach was appointed as his successor. Akten der Reichskanzlei: Weimarer Republik. Das Kabinett Fehrenbach, op. cit., S. XVIII.
[x] Akten der Reichskanzlei: Weimarer Republik. Das Kabinett Müller II. 28. Juni 1928 - 27. März 1930. Band I und II (München: Oldenbourg, 1970).
  Reichstags-Handbuch. I. Wahlperiode. 1920. Berlin: 1920. S. 291; Reichstags-Handbuch. II. Wahlperiode. 1924. Berlin: 1924. S. 484-485; Reichstags-Handbuch. III. Wahlperiode. 1924. Berlin: 1925. S. 315; Reichstags-Handbuch. IV. Wahlperiode. 1928. Berlin: 1928. S. 395; Reichstags-Handbuch. V. Wahlperiode. 1930. Berlin: 1930. S. 424.

This page was last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 03:35:28

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