Jean-François-Auguste Moulin

b. 14 Mar 1752, Caen, Calvados
d. 12 Mar 1810, Pierrefitte, Seine

Title: Membre du Directoire exécutif de la République française (Member of the Executive Directory of the French Republic)
Term: 20 Jun 1799 - 10 Nov 1799
Chronology: 19 Jun 1799, 20 Jun 1799, ten candidates for election of a member of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory) nominated by the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) and the list passed to the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Ancients) [1; 2]
20 Jun 1799, elected and proclaimed member of the Executive Directory by the Council of Ancients, session of the Council, salle des Machines, Palais des Tuileries, Paris [2; 3]
27 Jun 1799, installed as a member of the Directory, meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [4]
10 Nov 1799, Executive Directory recognized as not existing, Law of 19 Brumaire, Year VIII, passed by the Council of Ancients, galerie d'Apollon (grande galerie), Palais de Saint-Cloud, Saint-Cloud [5]
Names/titles: Surname also spelled: Moulins

Son of a grocer; joined an infantry regiment (1768); served as geographer with the coast guard (1770-1788); volunteered for the Paris national guard (1789); was promoted to adjutant major (1791), adjutant general (8 Mar 1793), brigade general (11 Sep 1793), general of division (28 Nov 1793); participated in the wars of Vendée; distinguished himself at Saumur (10 Jun 1793); after a brief detention at Nantes was released and put in charge (27 Apr 1794) of the Brest army; named (8 Oct 1794) commander-in-chief of the Alps army; fought the Piedmontese (1795); served as commander of military divisions in Strasbourg (1796) and Paris (1797); transferred (1798) to the army formed to land in England; was not directly involved in politics until the coup of 30 Prairial, Year VII (18 Jun 1799); elected (20 Jun 1799) to the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory) to succeed Louis-Marie de La Revellière-Lépeaux; a determined republican, joined Louis-Jérôme Gohier in protesting against the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire, Year VIII (9 Nov 1799 - 10 Nov 1799); appointed (1 Nov 1804) commander of the Antwerp army; joined the Grand Army (1807); appointed envoy in Mainz (1808) and military inspector; served in the army staying in Germany, but returned to France (1809) for health reasons. Biography source: [6, vol. XXIV, p. 486]


Candidate Vote (20 Jun 1799)
Jean-François-Auguste Moulin 105
Pierre-François-Joseph Lefebvre 68
Louis-Antoine Pille 4
Florent Guiot (de Saint-Florent) 2
Charles-François Dupuis 2
André Masséna 2
Jean-Baptiste-Raymond Lacrosse 1
Charles Pottier 1
Pierre Martin 0
Georges-Joseph Dufour 0
invalid/blank 1
total votes cast 186
Information source: [2; 3]

[1] Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 273, 3 messidor an VII.
[2] Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 275, 5 messisdor an VII.
[3] Bulletin des lois de la République, No. 288, pp. 11-12.
[4] Archives nationales, AF* III 16.
[5] The Council of Ancients received a message from the secretary general of the Executive Directory at about 15:30 10 Nov 1799 (19 brumaire an VIII) (Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 51, 21 brumaire an VIII), notifying the Council that four members of the Directory resigned and the fifth (Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès) was taken into custody on orders of General Bonaparte. The actual resignations of Moulin, Pierre Roger-Ducos and Louis-Jérôme Gohier were submitted neither to the Council of Five Hundred, nor to the Council of Ancients.
[6] La grande encyclopédie: inventaire raisonné des sciences, des lettres et des arts, ed. by Berthelot, Hartwig Derenbourg, F.-Camille Dreyfus... [et al.] (Paris: H. Lamirault, 1885-1902).
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 03:28:20