MONTESQUIOU-FEZENSAC, abbéde

François-Xavier-Marc-Antoine de Montesquiou-Fezensac

b. 13 Aug 1756, Château de Marsan, Gers
d. 6 Feb 1832, Château de Cirey-sur-Blaise, Haute-Marne

Title: Membre du Gouvernement provisoire (Member of the Provisional Government)
Term: 1 Apr 1814 - 14 Apr 1814
Chronology: 1 Apr 1814, appointed, resolution of the Sénat conservateur [1, vol. 39, pp. 498-500]
14 Apr 1814, provisional government conferred on the Lieutenant général du royaume (Lieutenant General of the Kingdom), resolution of the Sénat conservateur [1, vol. 40, pp. 5-7]
Names/titles: Abbé de Beaulieu (abbot of Beaulieu) [from 1782]; comte de Montesquiou-Fezensac (count of Montesquiou-Fezensac) [from 31 Aug 1817; ordinance dated 12 Sep 1817], duc de Montesquiou-Fezensac (duke of Montesquiou-Fezensac) [from 30 Apr 1821]
Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly) (4 Jan 1790 - 18 Jan 1790, 28 Feb 1790 - 15 Mar 1790) [see details]
Biography:


Nominated abbot of Beaulieu, near Langres (1782); abbot of Beaulieu, near Mans (1786); served as agent of the clergy (1785); elected (30 Apr 1789) as a representative of the clergy of Paris to the États-Généraux (Estates-General); deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); served as President of the National Assembly (4 Jan 1790 - 18 Jan 1790, 28 Feb 1790 - 15 Mar 1790); opposed the abolition of privileges and civil constitution for the clergy; as a monarchist, was forced to flee to England (after 10 Aug 1792); moved to the United States (1792-1795); returned to France (1795); became a member of the Paris royalist committee; exiled to Menton; appointed a member of the Provisional Government (1 Apr 1814 - 14 Apr 1814); served as minister of interior (13 May 1814 - 19 Mar 1815); departed for England during the Cent-Jours (Hundred Days); after the second Restoration, was appointed minister of state and a peer of France (17 Aug 1815); elected deputy by the département of Gers, opted for the Chambre des pairs (Chamber of Peers) (officially appointed 21 Mar 1816); created count (1817), duke (1821); resigned peerage (9 Jan 1832). Biography source: [2]


[1] "Histoire parlementaire de la Révolution française, ou Journal des assemblées nationales, depuis 1789 jusqu'en 1815", ed. by P.-J.-B. Buchez et P.-C. Roux (Paris: Paulin, 1838)
[2] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Image: sketch by Comte de Noé.
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:14:44