MONTESQUIOU-FEZENSAC, abbéde

François-Xavier-Marc-Antoine de Montesquiou-Fezensac

b. 13 Aug 1756, Château de Marsan, Gers
d. 6 Feb 1832, Château de Cirey-sur-Blaise, Haute-Marne

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 4 Jan 1790 - 18 Jan 1790
Chronology: 4 Jan 1790, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris; assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election [1, pp. 67-68]
18 Jan 1790, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [1, p. 227]
Chronology: 28 Feb 1790 - 15 Mar 1790
28 Feb 1790, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris; assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election [1, p. 731]
15 Mar 1790, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [2, p. 169]
Names/titles: Abbé de Beaulieu (abbot of Beaulieu) [from 1782]; comte de Montesquiou-Fezensac (count of Montesquiou-Fezensac) [from 31 Aug 1817; ordinance dated 12 Sep 1817], duc de Montesquiou-Fezensac (duke of Montesquiou-Fezensac) [from 30 Apr 1821]
Membre du Gouvernement provisoire (Member of the Provisional Government) (1 Apr 1814 - 14 Apr 1814) [see details]
Biography:


Nominated abbot of Beaulieu, near Langres (1782); abbot of Beaulieu, near Mans (1786); served as agent of the clergy (1785); elected (30 Apr 1789) as a representative of the clergy of Paris to the États-Généraux (Estates-General); deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); served as President of the National Assembly (4 Jan 1790 - 18 Jan 1790, 28 Feb 1790 - 15 Mar 1790); opposed the abolition of privileges and civil constitution for the clergy; as a monarchist, was forced to flee to England (after 10 Aug 1792); moved to the United States (1792-1795); returned to France (1795); became a member of the Paris royalist committee; exiled to Menton; appointed a member of the Provisional Government (1 Apr 1814 - 14 Apr 1814); served as minister of interior (13 May 1814 - 19 Mar 1815); departed for England during the Cent-Jours (Hundred Days); after the second Restoration, was appointed minister of state and a peer of France (17 Aug 1815); elected deputy by the département of Gers, opted for the Chambre des pairs (Chamber of Peers) (officially appointed 21 Mar 1816); created count (1817), duke (1821); resigned peerage (9 Jan 1832). Biography source: [3]

Elections:

Candidate Votes (4 Jan 1790) Votes (28 Feb 1790)
François-Xavier-Marc-Antoine de Montesquiou-Fezensac 400 357
Jean-François, baron de Menou 352 317
invalid n/a 26
voters n/a 700
Information source: [1, p. 67, 731]

[1] Archives parlementaires. Série 1, , Vol. XI.
[2] Archives parlementaires. Série 1, , Vol. XII.
[3] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Image: sketch by Comte de Noé.
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:13:07