LE TOURNEUR,Étienne-François

Étienne-François-Louis-Honoré Le Tourneur, dit Le Tourneur (de la Manche)

b. 15 Mar 1751, Granville, Manche, France
d. 4 Oct 1817, Laeken, Kingdom of the Netherlands (now in Belgium)

Title: Président du Directoire exécutif de la République française (President of the Executive Directory of the French Republic)
Term: 31 Jan 1796 - 30 Apr 1796
Chronology: 31 Jan 1796, installed as President, meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [1, vol. 1, p. 516]
30 Apr 1796, expiration of term, successor installed [1, vol. 2, p. 260]
Term: 30 Apr 1797 - 26 May 1797
Chronology: 30 Apr 1797, installed as President, meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [2, vol. 1, p. 215]
19 May 1797, chosen to be replaced by lot, meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [2, vol. 1, p. 261], [3]
26 May 1797, functions as a member of the Executive Directory expired with election of successor [2, vol. 1, p. 277], [4]
Names/titles: Surname also spelled as: Letourneur; the order of given names also found as: Charles-François-Louis-Honoré
Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (6 Jan 1795 - 20 Jan 1795) [see details]; Membre du Directoire exécutif de la République française (Member of the Executive Directory of the French Republic) (2 Nov 1795 - 26 May 1797) [see details]
Biography:
Educated as engineer (1770); held the rank of captain since 1778 and was attached to the port of Cherbourg; elected to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792) as a deputy for the département of Manche; participated in strengthening the French navy and was transferred to the East Pyrenees army; elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795), representing the département of Manche; as a Convention member, entered the committee for war and carried out a number of missions in the army and navy; joined the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795) and was put in charge of war affairs and diplomacy; served as President of the National Convention (6 Jan 1795 - 20 Jan 1795); elected (1 Nov 1795) one of the original members of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory); two times served as President of the Executive Directory (31 Jan 1796 - 30 Apr 1796, 30 Apr 1797 - 26 May 1797); selected for replacement (19 May 1797) according to the provisions of the Constitution of 1795 and gave up his seat in the Executive Directory (26 May 1797); created brigade general and minister plenipotentiary to negotiate a peace treaty with England at Lille; after the coup of 18 Fructidor (4 Sep 1797), recalled and remained politically inactive; during the Consulate was appointed (2 Mar 1800) préfet of Loire-Inférieure; retired in the rank of general (1802), granted a pension and named a councilor in the court of audits; banished as regicide (1816) and died in exile. Biography source: [5]


[1] Recueil des Actes du Directoire exécutif (Procès-verbaux, arrêtés, instructions, lettres et actes divers)", published by Antonin Debidour in "Collection de documents inédits sur l'histoire de France publiés par les soins du ministre de l'Instruction publique (Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1910-1917).
[2] Les procès-verbaux du Directoire exécutif, an V - an VIII. Inventaire des registres des delibérations et des minutes des arrêtés, lettres et actes du Directoire faisant suite au Recueil des actes du Directoire exécutif d'Antonin Debidour, ed. by Pierre-Dominique Cheynet (Paris: Centre historique des Archives nationales, 2000-).
[3] Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 244, 4 prairial an V.
[4] According to the Law of 19 May 1797 (30 floréal an V), Le Tourneur was authorized to stay in office until 10 prairial an V (29 May 1797) inclusively, but he gave up his seat as a member of the Executive Directory upon receiving the news on election of his successor (François-Marie Barthélemy).
[5] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Image: portrait by Jean-Baptist-François Desoria, c. 1795-1797.
Last updated on: 06 Sep 2012 05:54:20