Mallarmé, François-René-Auguste

François-René-Auguste Mallarmé

b. 25 Feb 1755, Nancy, Meurthe [1]
d. 25 Jul 1835, Richemont, Seine-Inférieure

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 30 May 1793 - 13 Jun 1793
Chronology: 30 May 1793, elected, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2]
31 May 1793, assumed the chair, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [3]
13 Jun 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [4]
Names/titles: Chevalier Mallarmé, chevalier de l'Empire [from 22 Nov 1808]; baron Mallarmé, baron de l'Empire [from 31 Jan 1810]
Biography:
Son of a lawyer; was brought up in his father's profession; was appointed (1790) procureur-syndic of the district of Pont-à-Mousson; elected (31 Aug 1791) as a representative of the département of Meurthe to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792); elected (4 Sep 1792) to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795) as a deputy for Meurthe; appointed a member of the committee for finances; attached himself to the Montagnards; voted for the death sentence in the trial of King Louis XVI; served as President of the National Convention (30 May 1793 - 13 Jun 1793) and presided over the debates about proscription of the Girondins [4]; was assigned to join the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (27 Jun 1793 - 10 Jul 1793) to fix the prices for food; sent on mission to the départements of Meurthe, Vosges and Haute-Saône (23 Aug 1793 - 3 Nov 1793) for raising armies; appointed as a representative to the army of the Rhine (13 Sep 1793 - 3 Nov 1793); while establishing revolutionary government in Meuse and Moselle (1793-1794), earned notorious reputation for senseless arrests and executions; spoke against Maximilien Robespierre in the course of the Thermidorian coup (27 Jul 1794); was sent on mission to Haute-Garonne and Gers (21 Aug 1794 - 23 Oct 1794, 6 Nov 1794 - 15 Jan 1795); denounced because of his activities during the Reign of Terror and arrested (1 Jun 1795); released after the amnesty of 26 Oct 1795; appointed a commissioner of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory) to the tribunal of the département of Dyle; exercised the same duties at Namur and Mainz (Mayence); employed by the consular government for the organization of the département of Mont-Tonnerre; served as a judge of the tribunal of appeals at Angers (from 1800), receiver of the taxes at Nancy (from 1811); appointed sub-prefect of Avesnes during the Hundred Days (Cent Jours); was imprisoned by the Prussians at Wesel (1815); released, but had to go into exile as a regicide; lived at Courtray, Kingdom of the Netherlands; returned to France after the revolution of 1830.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 425-427; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 4:241-242.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (30 May 1793)
François-René-Auguste Mallarmé 194
Jean-Denis Lanjuinais 111
voters/absolute majority 335/168
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 65:628; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 12:276; Moniteur universel, N° 152, samedi, 1er juin 1793, p. 659.

[1] Mallarmé was born 25 Feb 1755 and baptised 26 Feb 1755 as is evident from his baptismal record preserved in the Archives of the Meurthe-et-Moselle département, register of baptisms in the parish of Saint Nicolas, Nancy, 5 Mi 394/R 33, Feb 1755, p. 479 (digital copy).
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 65:628; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 12:276; Moniteur universel, N° 152, samedi, 1er juin 1793, p. 659.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 65:638.
[4] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 66:508.
[5] Mallarmé did not chair the evening meeting of 1 Jun 1793 (Henri Gregoire presided) and chaired the first part of the session of 2 Jun 1793, when Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles replaced him in chair until the end of the session.
Last updated on: 03 May 2016 04:04:51