Caravelas, marquês de

José Joaquim Carneiro de Campos

b. 4 Mar 1786, Salvador, Bahia
d. 8 Sep 1836, Rio de Janeiro

Title: Membro da Regência Provisória (Member of the Provisional Regency)
Term: 7 Apr 1831 - 18 Jun 1831
Term: 7 Apr 1831 - 18 Jun 1831
Chronology: 7 Apr 1831, elected by the General Assembly (the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies meeting jointly), held at the seat of the Senate, Rio de Janeiro; oath of office taken at the same meeting
  18 Jun 1831, term of the Provisional Regency expired with the installation of the Permanent Regency
Names/titles: Visconde com grandeza de Caravelas (viscount of Caravelas) [from 12 Oct 1824]; marquês de Caravelas (marquis of Caravelas) [from 12 Oct 1826]; also spelled as Caravellas
Biography:

The son of a merchant, José Carneiro de Campos studied theology and law at the university of Coimbra, Portugal. He moved to Brazil in 1807 and served in the ministry of the interior and was a member of the royal council. Elected to the Constituent Assembly in 1823, Carneiro worked on the project of Constitution. He chaired the government in capacity of minister of the interior (17 Jul 1823 - 10 Nov 1823), but lost his post on the eve of dissolution of the Constituent Assembly. In 1820s Carneiro was appointed state advisor (1823) and again headed the cabinet as interior minister (23 Jan 1826 - 20 Nov 1827, 4 Dec 1829 - 12 Aug 1830). In 1824 Carneiro was created viscount and in 1826 marquis and senator for the Province of Bahia. Carneiro presided at general assembly of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies (7 Apr 1831), which accepted the abdication of Emperor Pedro I and elected the Provisional Regency with Carneiro as a member. He was not re-elected as a member of the Permanent Regency in June 1831. [1]

Elections:

First ballot (7 Apr 1831) [3] 1st vote 2nd vote
Marquês de Caravelas 22 40
Nicolau Pereira de Campos Vergueiro 14  
Second ballot (7 Apr 1831) [3]    
Nicolau Pereira de Campos Vergueiro 19 30
Francisco de Paula Almeida e Albuquerque 7 29
Third ballot (7 Apr 1831) [3]    
Francisco de Paula Almeida e Albuquerque 17  
Francisco de Lima e Silva 16 35

[1] "A Political History of the Brazilian Regency 1831-1840", by Helen Katherine Reinhart, Thesis (University of Illinois, Urbana 1960).
[2] Dicionário do voto (2000)
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:56:33