Fillmore, Millard

Millard Fillmore

b. 7 Jan 1800, Locke Township, Cayuga County, New York
d. 8 Mar 1874, Buffalo, New York

Title: President of the United States
Term: 9 Jul 1850 - 4 Mar 1853
Chronology: 14 Feb 1849, election to the office of Vice President of the United States is declared upon counting electoral votes (cast 6 Dec 1848), joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives, House Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [1]
4 Mar 1849, commencement of term
5 Mar 1849, took the oath prescribed by law, special session of the Senate, Senate Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [2][3]
9 Jul 1850, entered upon the duties of the office of President of the United States upon the death of an incumbent [4]
10 Jul 1850, took an oath of office as President of the United States, joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives, House Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [5]
4 Mar 1853, expiration of term
Biography:
Reared on a farm; largely self-taught; apprenticed to a clothier; taught school in Buffalo while studying law; admitted to the bar in 1823 and commenced practice in East Aurora, New York; moved to Buffalo, New York, in 1830; member of the Assembly of the State of New York (1829-1831); elected as a Whig to the 23rd Congress (4 Mar 1833 - 4 Mar 1835); elected to the 25th, 26th, and 27th Congresses (4 Mar 1837 - 4 Mar 1843); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1842; unsuccessful Whig candidate for Governor of New York in 1844; served as Comptroller of the State of New York (1847-1849); elected Vice President of the United States on the Whig ticket headed by Zachary Taylor in 1848, and was inaugurated on 4 Mar 1849; became President (9 Jul 1850 - 4 Mar 1853) upon the death of President Taylor; government enacted Clay's Compromise (1850), which sought to appease North and South on the slavery issue; federal enforcement of the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 alienated the North and led to the death of the Whig Party; supported the provision requiring the federal government to aid in the capture and return of runaway slaves to their former owners; sent Commodore Matthew C. Perry with a U.S. fleet to Japan (1853); unsuccessful candidate for the Whig nomination for president in 1852; unsuccessful candidate for president on the National American ticket in 1856 (lost election to James Buchanan); commanded a corps of home guards during the Civil War; traveled extensively.
Biographical sources: Biographical Directory of the United States Congress (2005).
Elections:

Candidate (party) Electoral vote (6 Dec 1848)
Millard Fillmore (Whig) 163
William Orlando Butler (Democratic) 127
total number of electors appointed 290
number of votes for a majority 146
Source of electoral results: Congressional Globe, 30th Congress, 2nd Session, 534-535.

[1] Congressional Globe, 30th Congress, 2nd Session, 534-535.
[2] Congressional Globe, 30th Congress, 2nd Session, Appendix, 326; Senate Executive Journal, vol. VIII, 64-65.
[3] Inauguration was postponed as 4 Mar 1849 fell on a Sunday.
[4] Congressional Globe, 31st Congress, 1st Session, 1363-1365.
[5] Congressional Globe, 31st Congress, 1st Session, 1365-1366.
Image: photograph (created between 1855 and 1865).
Last updated on: 10 Apr 2016 00:36:20