Cleveland, Grover

Stephen Grover Cleveland

b. 18 Mar 1837, Caldwell, New Jersey
d. 24 Jun 1908, Princeton, New Jersey

Title: President of the United States
Term: 4 Mar 1885 - 4 Mar 1889
Chronology: 11 Feb 1885, election to the office of President of the United States is declared upon counting electoral votes (cast 3 Dec 1884), joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives, House Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [1]
4 Mar 1885, commencement of term
4 Mar 1885, took an oath of office as President of the United States, inaugural ceremony as part of the special session of the Senate, East Portico, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [2]
4 Mar 1889, expiration of term
Term: 4 Mar 1893 - 4 Mar 1897
Chronology: 8 Feb 1893, election to the office of President of the United States is declared upon counting electoral votes (cast 9 Jan 1893), joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives, House Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [3]
4 Mar 1893, commencement of term
4 Mar 1893, took an oath of office as President of the United States, inaugural ceremony as part of the special session of the Senate, East Portico, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [4]
4 Mar 1897, expiration of term
Biography:
Born in the family of a Presbyterian minister; attended Fayetteville Academy (1848-1849, 1852-1853), Clinton Liberal Institute (1850-1851); received no higher education; clerk in a store at Clinton, New York; assistant teacher in the Gotham's New York Institute for the Blind (1853-1854); began studying law with Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, Buffalo, New York (1855); admitted to the bar (1859); managing clerk in Rogers, Bowen & Rogers (1859); unable himself to enlist in the army during the Civil War, he borrowed money and sent a substitute to the war; Ward Supervisor in Buffalo (1862), Assistant District Attorney for Erie County, New York (1863-1865); unsuccessful candidate for District Attorney (1865), was defeated by a Republican candidate; became the law partner of Isaac V. Vanderpool, and in 1869 became a member of the firm of Lanning, Cleveland & Folsom; continued a successful practice until he was elected sheriff of Erie County, New York (1870-1874); was a partner in Bass, Cleveland & Bissell (1874-1882); elected mayor of Buffalo (2 Jan 1882 - 20 Nov 1882); resigned to accept the election as Governor of the State of New York (1 Jan 1883 - 6 Jan 1885); was elected President of the United States (4 Mar 1885 - 4 Mar 1889) on the Democratic ticket; unsuccessful presidential candidate (1888); practiced law in New York (1889-1893); again elected (1892) President of the United States; retired from politics after the expiration of second term as president (1897); lecturer in public affairs and trustee of Princeton University (1901-1908).
Biographical sources: Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents (1903), vol. 8-9.
Elections:

Candidate (party) Electoral vote (3 Dec 1884)
Stephen Grover Cleveland (Democratic) 219
James Gillespie Blaine (Republican) 182
total number of electors appointed 401
number of votes for a majority 201

Candidate (party) Electoral vote (9 Jan 1893)
Stephen Grover Cleveland (Democratic) 277
Benjamin Harrison (Republican) 145
James Baird Weaver (People's Party) 22
total number of electors appointed 444
number of votes for a majority 223
Source of electoral results: Congressional Record, 48th Congress, 2nd Session, 1532; Congressional Record, 52nd Congress, 2nd Session, 1340.

[1] Congressional Record, 48th Congress, 2nd Session, 1532-1533.
[2] Congressional Record, 49th Congress, Special Session of the Senate, 1-3 (swearing-in was omitted from official account of the session; inofficial detailed report is found in The New-York Times, New-York, Thursday, March 5, 1885, vol. XXXIV, No. 10,453, pp. 1-2).
[3] Congressional Record, 52nd Congress, 2nd Session, 1340-1341.
[4] Congressional Record, 53rd Congress, Special Session of the Senate, 1-4 (swearing-in was omitted from official account of the session; inofficial detailed report is found in The New-York Times, New-York, Sunday, March 5, 1893, vol. XLII, No. 12,957, pp. 1-2).
Image: photograph (1888).
Last updated on: 17 Dec 2011 11:31:59