Cleveland, Grover

Stephen Grover Cleveland

b. 18 Mar 1837, Caldwell, New Jersey
d. 24 Jun 1908, Princeton, New Jersey

Title: President of the United States
Term: 4 Mar 1885 - 4 Mar 1889
Chronology: 11 Feb 1885, election to the office of President of the United States is declared upon counting electoral votes (cast 3 Dec 1884), joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives, House Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [1]
4 Mar 1885, commencement of term
4 Mar 1885, took an oath of office as President of the United States, inaugural ceremony as part of the special session of the Senate, East Portico, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [2]
4 Mar 1889, expiration of term
Term: 4 Mar 1893 - 4 Mar 1897
Chronology: 8 Feb 1893, election to the office of President of the United States is declared upon counting electoral votes (cast 9 Jan 1893), joint session of the Senate and House of Representatives, House Chamber, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [3]
4 Mar 1893, commencement of term
4 Mar 1893, took an oath of office as President of the United States, inaugural ceremony as part of the special session of the Senate, East Portico, U.S. Capitol, Washington, D.C. [4]
4 Mar 1897, expiration of term
Biography:
Born in the family of a Presbyterian minister; attended Fayetteville Academy (1848-1849, 1852-1853), Clinton Liberal Institute (1850-1851); received no higher education; clerk in a store at Clinton, New York; assistant teacher in the Gotham's New York Institute for the Blind (1853-1854); began studying law with Rogers, Bowen & Rogers, Buffalo, New York (1855); admitted to the bar (1859); managing clerk in Rogers, Bowen & Rogers (1859); unable himself to enlist in the army during the Civil War, he borrowed money and sent a substitute to the war; Ward Supervisor in Buffalo (1862), Assistant District Attorney for Erie County, New York (1863-1865); unsuccessful candidate for District Attorney (1865), was defeated by a Republican candidate; became the law partner of Isaac V. Vanderpool, and in 1869 became a member of the firm of Lanning, Cleveland & Folsom; continued a successful practice until he was elected sheriff of Erie County, New York (1870-1874); was a partner in Bass, Cleveland & Bissell (1874-1882); elected mayor of Buffalo (2 Jan 1882 - 20 Nov 1882); resigned to accept the election as Governor of the State of New York (1 Jan 1883 - 6 Jan 1885); was elected President of the United States (4 Mar 1885 - 4 Mar 1889) on the Democratic ticket; unsuccessful presidential candidate (1888); practiced law in New York (1889-1893); again elected (1892) President of the United States; retired from politics after the expiration of second term as president (1897); lecturer in public affairs and trustee of Princeton University (1901-1908).
Biographical sources: Compilation of the Messages and Papers of the Presidents (1903), vol. 8-9.
Elections:

Candidate Electoral vote (3 Dec 1884)
Stephen Grover Cleveland 219
James Gillespie Blaine 182
total number of electors appointed 401
number of votes for a majority 201

Candidate Electoral vote (9 Jan 1893)
Stephen Grover Cleveland 277
Benjamin Harrison 145
James Baird Weaver 22
total number of electors appointed 444
number of votes for a majority 223
Source of electoral results: Congressional Record, 48th Congress, 2nd Session, 1532; Congressional Record, 52nd Congress, 2nd Session, 1340.

[1] Congressional Record, 48th Congress, 2nd Session, 1532-1533.
[2] Congressional Record, 49th Congress, Special Session of the Senate, 1-3 (swearing-in was omitted from official account of the session; inofficial detailed report is found in The New-York Times, New-York, Thursday, March 5, 1885, vol. XXXIV, No. 10,453, pp. 1-2).
[3] Congressional Record, 52nd Congress, 2nd Session, 1340-1341.
[4] Congressional Record, 53rd Congress, Special Session of the Senate, 1-4 (swearing-in was omitted from official account of the session; inofficial detailed report is found in The New-York Times, New-York, Sunday, March 5, 1893, vol. XLII, No. 12,957, pp. 1-2).
Image: photograph (1888).
Last updated on: 17 Dec 2011 11:31:59