Texas: Polity Style: 1836-2016

2 Mar 1836 declaration of independence is passed by the Convention at Washington-on-the-Brazos [Laws of Texas, 1:1063]
2 Mar 1836 - 16 Feb 1846 Republic of Texas
1 Mar 1845 joint resolution of the United States Congress for annexing Texas is approved by the President of the United States (passed by the House of Representatives 25 Feb 1845 and by the Senate 1 Mar 1845) [Statutes at Large, 5:797-798]
4 Jul 1845 an ordinance of annexation is approved by the Constitution Convention of Texas [Journals of the Constitution Convention, 9-11, 367-370; Laws of Texas, 2:1303]
29 Dec 1845 admitted to the United States when a joint resolution of the United States Congress for the admission of the State of Texas into the Union receives approval of the President of the United States [Statutes at Large, 9:108]
16 Feb 1846 Constitution of the State of Texas, passed by the Constitution Convention of Texas 27 Aug 1845 and approved by a referendum, takes effect upon convening of the Legislature in Austin 16 Feb 1846 as required by Art. 13, Sec. 6 of the Constitution [1]
16 Feb 1846 - State of Texas
2 Mar 1861 seceded from the United States in accordance with an ordinance which is passed by the Convention 1 Feb 1861, ratified by popular vote 23 Feb 1861, and takes effect on a date prescribed by Section 2 of the said ordinance [Journals of the Secession Convention, 48, 54-57; Laws of Texas, 4:1519-1520] [2]
2 Mar 1861 admitted to the Confederate States of America in accordance with an act passed by the Provisional Congress of the Confederate States 2 Mar 1861 and signed into law 2 Mar 1861 [Journal of the Confederate Congress, 1:97; Statutes at Large of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, 44] [3]
5 Mar 1861 An Ordinance in relation to a union of the State of Texas with the Confederate States of America is passed by the Convention [Journals of the Secession Convention, 100-102; Laws of Texas, 4:1522-1523]
15 Mar 1866 An Ordinance, Declaring the Ordinance of Secession Null and Void is passed by the Constitutional Convention [Laws Of Texas, 5:887]
30 Mar 1870 process of the re-admission to the United States is completed when An Act to Admit the State of Texas to Representation in the Congress of the United States receives approval of the President of the United States [Statutes at Large, 16:80-81]

[1] The date of the coming into effect of the Constitution of 1845 is upheld by a ruling of the Supreme Court of Texas in Cocke v. Calkin & Co. See "Reports of Cases Argued and Decided in the Supreme Court of the State of Texas during December term, 1846, and a part of December term, 1847" (St. Louis, MO: Gilbert Book Company, 1881), 1:542ff (web site)
[2] Full title: An Ordinance to dissolve the Union between the State of Texas and the other States united under the Compact styled the Constitution of the United States of America.
[3] Full title: An Act to admit Texas as a member of the Confederate States of America
Last updated on: 26 Feb 2014 11:52:05