Florida: Polity Style: 1821-2016

22 Feb 1821 East and West Florida are ceded by Spain to the United States in accordance with a treaty signed 22 Feb 1819 and effective upon the exchange of the ratifications 22 Feb 1821 [Florida Session Laws, 1822, i-x]
3 Mar 1821 East and West Florida are placed under the jurisdiction of the United States in accordance with An Act for carrying into execution the Treaty between the United States and Spain, concluded at Washington on the twenty-second day of February, one thousand eight hundred and nineteen (signed into law 3 Mar 1821) [Statutes at Large, 3:637-639; Florida Session Laws, 1822, x-xii]
10 Jul 1821 East Florida is formally transferred to the authorities of the United States, deed of transfer signed 10 Jul 1821 at St. Augustine [Florida Session Laws, 1822, xv-xvii]
17 Jul 1821 West Florida is formally transferred to the authorities of the United States, deed of transfer signed 17 Jul 1821 at Pensacola [Florida Session Laws, 1822, xii-xiv]
17 Jul 1821 transfer and establishment of the jurisdiction of the United States over East and West Florida are publicly proclaimed, proclamation signed 17 Jul 1821 at Pensacola [Florida Session Laws, 1822, xiv-xv]
30 Mar 1822 East and West Florida are organized as a territory of the United States in accordance with An Act for the establishment of a territorial government in Florida (signed into law 30 Mar 1822) [Florida Session Laws, 1822, xxxi-xxxvii; Statutes at Large, 3:654-659]
30 Mar 1822 - 3 Mar 1845 Territory of Florida
3 Mar 1845 admitted to the United States in accordance with An Act for the admission of the States of Iowa and Florida into the Union, which is passed by the Congress of the United States (House of Representatives 13 Feb 1845, Senate 1 Mar 1845) and signed into law 3 Mar 1845 [Statutes at Large, 5:742-743]
3 Mar 1845 Constitution of the State of Florida, passed by the Constitutional Convention of the Territory of Florida 11 Jan 1839 and approved by a referendum, becomes operative upon approval by the Congress of the United States as stated in An Act for the admission of the States of Iowa and Florida into the Union [Statutes at Large, 5:742-743]
3 Mar 1845 - State of Florida
11 Jan 1861 secedes from the United States in accordance with the Ordinance of Secession (passed by the Convention of the People of Florida 10 Jan 1861, promulgated 11 Jan 1861) [Florida Convention 1861, 31-32, 40]
8 Feb 1861 forms a part of the Confederate States of America when the Constitution for the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America is approved by the Congress and becomes immediately operative [Journal of the Confederate Congress, 1:39; Statutes at Large of the Provisional Government of the Confederate States of America, 1-8]
21 Feb 1868 Ordinance of Secession is declared null and void in accordance with an ordinance passed by the Convention of the People of Florida [Florida Constitutional Convention 1868, 58, 94]
25 Jun 1868 process of the re-admission to the United States is completed when the provisions of An Act to Admit the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, to Representation in Congress took effect for Florida immediately upon the passage of the act [Statutes at Large, 16:73, 16:703; Florida Senate Journal, 1868, 7-8; Florida House Journal, 1868, 8-9; Florida Session Laws, 1868, 175-176] [1]

[1] Senate and Assembly of the State of Florida ratified (9 Jun 1868) the Fourteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States prior to the passage of An Act to Admit the States of North Carolina, South Carolina, Louisiana, Georgia, Alabama, and Florida, to Representation in Congress, thus fulfilling the requirements set in Sec. 1 for admission of its representatives to the Congress. Joint resolution of the Senate and Assembly of 9 Jun 1868 was signed into law as An Act to Ratify an Amendment to the Constitution of the United States, known as Article XIV 31 Jul 1868.
Last updated on: 24 Jan 2014 23:51:02