Turkey: Polity Style: 1921-2016

23 Apr 1920 Grand National Assembly is constituted at Ankara (Grand National Assembly Proceedings, term I, 1:2) [1]
7 Feb 1921 executive and legislative authority within the Turkish State (Türkiye Devleti) is vested in the Grand National Assembly in accordance with the Fundamental Laws passed 20 Jan 1921 by the Grand National Assembly and effective upon the publication 7 Feb 1921 as prescribed by the provisional article of the Laws (Official Gazette, No. 1, 7 Feb 1921, pp. 1-3)
7 Feb 1921 - 29 Oct 1923 Türkiye Devleti | State of Turkey
2 Nov 1922 Grand National Assembly is declared the sole state authority of Turkey and successor to the Ottoman imperial house, thus derecognising the authority of the ruler of the Ottoman Empire retroactively from 16 Mar 1920, resolution of the Assembly passed between 03.00 and 06.40 2 Nov 1922 and dated "1/2 teşrinisani 1338" [1/2 Nov 1922] (Grand National Assembly Proceedings, term I, 313-316; Grand National Assembly Laws, 1:487-488)
29 Oct 1923 Turkey is proclaimed a republic in accordance with Art. 1 of the amended version of the Fundamental Laws of 1921 passed by the Grand National Assembly 29 Oct 1923 (Official Gazette, No. 40, 4 Nov 1923, p. 1)
29 Oct 1923 - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti | Republic of Turkey

[1] Ostensibly as a national representation, acting for the ruler of the Ottoman Empire residing in Istanbul, but restricted from exercising his functions under foreign occupation.
Last updated on: 16 Jul 2016 03:00:56