Syria: Polity Style: 1920-2021 - Archontology.org

Syria: Polity Style: 1920-2021

7 Mar 1920 proclaimed an independent and sovereign state, resolution of the Syrian National Congress (public ceremony held at the city hall of Damascus 8 Mar 1920)
7 Mar 1920 - 21 Aug 1920 al-Mamlaka Sūriyya al-Muttaḥida (المملكة سورية المتحدة) | United Kingdom of Syria
28 Jun 1922 Territory of Alawites, State of Aleppo and State of Damascus constitute a federation in accordance with an order of the High Commissioner of the French Republic in Syria and Lebanon signed 28 Jun 1922 (BOAAHC, No. 30, 23 Jul 1922, pp. 214-215) [1]
28 Jun 1922 - 1 Jan 1925 Ittiḥād al-Duwal al-Sūriyya (اتحاد الدول السورية) = Fédération des États de Syrie | Federation of the Syrian States [2]
29 Sep 1923 mandate for Syria and the Lebanon to be exercised by the government of France is passed by the Council of the League of Nations (24 Jul 1922) and entered into force 29 Sep 1923 (League of Nations Official Journal, 3rd year, No. 8, August 1922, pp. 823-825, 1013-1017) [3]
1 Jan 1925 State of Aleppo and State of Damascus constitute an independent state under the name of État de Syrie (State of Syria) in accordance with an order of the High Commissioner signed 5 Dec 1924 (effective 1 Jan 1925) (BOAAHC, No. 25, 31 Dec 1924, pp. 239-241)
1 Jan 1925 - 19 Nov 1931 Dawlat al-Sūriyya (دولة السورية) = État de Syrie | State of Syria
19 Nov 1931 - 10 Jul 1939 al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya (الجمهورية السورية) = République Syrienne | Republic of Syria
19 Jul 1939 - 16 Sep 1941 Dawlat al-Sūriyya (دولة السورية) = État de Syrie | State of Syria
16 Sep 1941 - 22 Feb 1958 al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya (الجمهورية السورية) = République Syrienne | Republic of Syria
27 Sep 1941 Syria is proclaimed an independent and sovereign state
22 Dec 1943 mandate is dissolved de facto following the conclusion of the Tripartite Agreement between France, Syria, and Lebanon, dated 22 Dec 1943, providing for the transfer of authority over all the remaining Mandatory institutions
22 Feb 1958 Syria becomes part of the United Arab Republic upon publication of official results of the referendum on the unification of Syria and Egypt (held on 21 Feb 1958), decree of the President of the Republic of Syria (Official Gazette, Part 1, No. 11, 22 Feb 1958, pp. 1616-1617)
5 Mar 1958 territory of the former Republic of Syria is given the status of a region (ʼiqlīm) of the United Arab Republic in accordance with Art. 58 of the Provisional Constitution promulgated on 5 Mar 1958 (UAR Official Gazette, No. 1, 13 Mar 1958, pp. 16-19)
5 Mar 1958 - 29 Sep 1961 al-Iqlīm al-Sūrī (الإقليم السوري) | Syrian Region
29 Sep 1961 Syria seceded from the United Arab Republic de facto as a result of military revolt and formation of national government (Official Gazette, Part 1, No. 1, 5 Oct 1961, p. 1) [4]
29 Sep 1961 - al-Jumhūriyya al-‘Arabiyya al-Sūriyya (الجمهورية العربية السورية) | Syrian Arab Republic

[1] The order of the High Commissioner creating the Federation was proclaimed at the session of the Federal Council at Aleppo 28 Jun 1922. Public inauguration of the Federation followed on 1 Jul 1922.
[2] Also in official use: Fédération des États Syriens.
[3] The declaration approved by the Council of the Legue of Nations required that the mandates would "enter into force automatically and at the same time, as soon as the Governments of France and Italy have notified the President of the Council of the League of Nations that they have reached an agreement on certain particular points in regard to the latter of these mandates." The notifications were submitted at the session of the Council of 29 Sep 1923 (League of Nations Official Journal, 4th year, No. 11, November 1923, p. 1355)
[4] al-Jumhūriyya al-‘Arabiyya al-Sūriyya was featuring in the declaration of the government of 29 Sep 1961 and was gradually adopted as polity style.
Last updated on: 28 Jun 2020 16:13:46