Syria: Heads of State: 1922-1949 - Archontology.org

Syria: Heads of State: 1922-1949

Raʼīs Ittiḥād al-Duwal al-Sūriyya (رئيس اتحاد الدول السورية) = Président de la Fédération des États de Syrie | President of the Federation of Syrian States [1]
1 Jul 1922 - 1 Jan 1925 Ṣubḥī Beg Barakāt al-Khālidī (صبحي بك بركات الخالدي) [2]
Raʼīs al-Dawla al-Sūriyya (رئيس الدولة السورية) = Président de l'État de Syrie | President of the State of Syria
1 Jan 1925 - 21 Dec 1925 Ṣubḥī Beg Barakāt al-Khālidī (صبحي بك بركات الخالدي) (x)
21 Dec 1925 - 9 Feb 1926 office vacant
al-Mursal Fawqu al-ʻĀda min ladun al-Mufawaḍ al-Sāmī al-Qāʼim bi-ʼIdāra Shuʼūn al-Dawla al-Sūriyya (المُرسل فوق العادة من لدن المفوض السامي القائم بادارة شؤون الدولة السورية) = Envoyé Extraordinaire du Haut-Commissaire chargé de la direction des affaires de l'État de Syrie | Envoy Extraordinary of the High Commissioner in charge of the affairs of the State of Syria [3]
9 Feb 1926 - 29 Apr 1926 Marie-François-Julien Pierre, dit Pierre-Alype [4]
Raʼīs al-Dawla al-Sūriyya (رئيس الدولة السورية) = Chef de l'État de Syrie | President of the State of Syria
29 Apr 1926 - 14 Feb 1928 al-Dāmād Aḥmad Nāmī Beg bin Fakhrī Beg (الداماد أحمد نامي بك بن فخري بك) [5]
Raʼīs Majlis al-Wuzarāʼ ba-Dawla Sūriyya (رئيس مجلس الوزراء بدولة سوريا) = Président du Conseil des Ministres | President of the Council of Ministers of the State of Syria
14 Feb 1928 - 19 Nov 1931 al-Shaykh Muḥammad Tāj al-Dīn bin Badr al-Dīn al-Ḥasanī (الشيخ محمد تاج الدين بن بدر الدين الحسني)
19 Nov 1931 - 11 Jun 1932 office vacant [6]
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية السورية) = Président de la République Syrienne | President of the Syrian Republic
11 Jun 1932 - 21 Dec 1936 Muḥammad ʻAlī Beg bin Aḥmad ʻIzzat Bāshā al-ʻĀbid (محمد علي بك بن احمد عزت باشا العابد)
21 Dec 1936 - 8 Jul 1939 Muḥammad Ḥāshim Beg bin Muḥammad Khālid al-Atāsī (محمد هاشم بك بن محمد خالد الأتاسي) [7]
Raʼīs Majlis al-Mudīrīn al-ʻĀmmayn (رئيس مجلس المديرين العامين) = Président du Conseil des Directeurs Généraux | President of the Council of Directors General
8 Jul 1939 - 2 Apr 1941 Bahīj Beg al-Khaṭīb (بهيج بك الخطيب)
Raʼīs al-Ḥukūma al-Sūriyya (رئيس الحكومة السورية) = Chef du Gouvernement | President of the Government of Syria
2 Apr 1941 - 16 Sep 1941 Khālid bin Muḥammad Fawzī al-ʻAẓm (خالد بن محمد فوزي العظم)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية السورية) = Président de la République Syrienne | President of the Syrian Republic
16 Sep 1941 - 17 Jan 1943 al-Shaykh Muḥammad Tāj al-Dīn bin Badr al-Dīn al-Ḥasanī (الشيخ محمد تاج الدين بن بدر الدين الحسني) (x)
Majlis al-Wuzarāʼ al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya: Raʼīs Majlis al-Wuzarāʼ (مجلس الوزراء الجمهورية السورية: رئيس مجلس الوزراء) = Conseil des Ministres de la République Syrienne: Président du Conseil des Ministres | Council of Ministers of the Syrian Republic: President of the Council of Ministers
17 Jan 1943 - 25 Mar 1943 Muḥammad Jamīl Beg al-Ulshī (محمد جميل بك الألشي) (x)
Raʼīs al-Dawla, Raʼīs Ḥukūma al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya (رئيس الدولة، رئيس حكومة الجمهورية السورية) = Chef de l'État, Chef du Gouvernement | Head of State, Head of Government
25 Mar 1943 - 17 Aug 1943 ʻAṭā’ Beg bin Muḥammad ʻAlī al-Ayyūbī (عطاء بك بن محمد علي الأيوبي)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya al-Sūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية السورية) = Président de la République Syrienne | President of the Syrian Republic
17 Aug 1943 - 30 Mar 1949 Shukrī bin Maḥmūd al-Quwwatlī (شكري بن محمود القوتلي)

[1] Also in official use: Président de la Fédération des États Syriens.
[2] Ṣubḥī Beg was elected by the Federal Council on 29 (?) Jun 1922. The term of office is presumed to have commenced on the date of the inauguration of the Federation of the Syrian States (1 Jul 1922).
[3] Pierre-Alype was appointed Envoy Extraordinary to the states of Syria and Jabal Druze o 5 Jan 1926. On 9 Feb 1926 he was entrusted with carrying out administrative affairs of the State of Syria.
[4] Arabic style varies in use. Sometimes: al-Mandūb al-Mumtāz lil-Mufawaḍ al-Sāmī ladā Dawlatay Sūriyā wa Jabal al-Durūz (المندوب الممتاز للمفوض السامي لدى دولتي سوريا وجبل الدروز)
[5] Nāmī Beg was appointed Head of State by an order of the High Commissioner of the French Republic (dated 26 Apr 1926, Beirut). Nāmī Beg issued a proclamation on assumption of office on 28 Apr 1926 and arrived from Beirut to Damascus on 29 Apr 1926 and was installed in office.
[6] During a transitional period preceding the taking effect of the Constitution of the State of Syria, the High Commissioner of the French Republic (Haut-Commissaire de la République Française) directly managed the affairs of state.
[7] The letter of resignation of al-Atāsī was submitted to the President of the Chamber of Deputies on 8 Jul 1939. Before it could act on resignation, the Chamber was dissolved by an order of the High Commissioner of the French Republic of 8 Jul 1939.
Last updated on: 25 Jun 2020 04:43:43