Martínez Barrio, Diego

Diego Martínez Barrio

b. 25 Nov 1883, Seville, Spain
d. 1 Jan 1962, Paris, France

Title: Presidente del Consejo de Ministros (President of the Council of Ministers)
Term: 8 Oct 1933 - 16 Dec 1933
Chronology: 8 Oct 1933, appointed, decree of President of the Republic [1]
16 Dec 1933, discharged following request for resignation, decree of President of the Republic [2]
Chronology: 19 Jul 1936 - 19 Jul 1936
19 Jul 1936, appointed, decree of President of the Republic [3]
19 Jul 1936, discharged following request for resignation, decree of President of the Republic [4]
Other offices: Presidente de la República (President of the Republic) [8 Apr 1936 - 11 May 1936] see details
Biography:
Received secondary education; worked in a printing-house, then as a journalist; joined the Unión Republicana (Republican Union) in 1903; contributed to forming the Partido Radical (Radical Party) in Seville (1907); served in Seville municipal council (1910-1913, 1920-1923); as a republican leader, he was persecuted during the dictatorship of Primo de Rivera; served as minister of communications (15 Apr 1931 - 16 Dec 1931) in the first two republican governments; was elected a deputy for Seville to the Constituent Cortes (Cortes Constituyentes, 1931-1933); minister of the interior (12 Sep 1933 - 8 Oct 1933) in the cabinet of Alejandro Lerroux y García; was appointed President of the Council of Ministers (8 Oct 1933 - 16 Dec 1933); resigned after his government accomplished the task of holding first general election to the Cortes; elected to the Cortes where he represented Seville (1933-1935) and Madrid (1936-1939); minister of war (16 Dec 1933 - 23 Jan 1934), Vice-President of the Council of Ministers (22 Dec 1933 - 3 Mar 1934), and minister of the interior (23 Jan 1934 - 3 Mar 1934) in the second cabinet of Lerroux; distanced from Lerroux and formed the Partido Radical Demócrata (Democratic Radical Party), which eventually merged into the newly established Unión Republicana (Republican Union) in 1934; was elected President of the Cortes (interim 16 Mar 1936 - 3 Apr 1936, permanent 3 Apr 1936 - 30 Mar 1939); upon the removal from office of President of the Republic Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, assumed the presidency (8 Apr 1936 - 11 May 1936) as a constitutional successor until the next election; was appointed President of the Council of Ministers (19 Jul 1936 - 19 Jul 1936), but resigned the same day being unable to form a stable government; shortly before the end of the Civil War, he presided at the last session of the Cortes on Spanish soil at Figueras (1 Feb 1939 - 2 Feb 1939); fled to France (5 Feb 1939); presided the meetings of the Diputación Permanente de las Cortes (Standing Committee of the Cortes) in Paris until 30 Mar 1939; moved to Mexico; was elected Presidente Interino de la República (Interim President of the Republic) by votes of 96 deputies of the Cortes gathered at Mexico City (17 Aug 1945); acted as top official of the Spanish government-in-exile until his death.
Biographical sources: "Memorias", by Diego Martínez Barrio (Barcelona: Planeta, 1983).

[1] Gaceta de Madrid. Lunes 9 Octubre 1933. Núm. 282. P. 242.
[2] Gaceta de Madrid. Domingo 17 Diciembre 1933. Núm. 351. P. 1898.
[3] Gaceta de Madrid. Diario Oficial de la República. Domingo 19 Julio 1936. Núm. 201. P. 722.
[4] Gaceta de Madrid. Diario Oficial de la República. Lunes 20 Julio 1936. Núm. 202. P. 739.
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 04:12:30