South African Republic (Transvaal): Polity Style: 1844-1902 - Archontology.org

South African Republic (Transvaal): Polity Style: 1844-1902

9 Apr 1844 representatives of the Boer immigrants meet at Potchefstroom and draw up a code of laws for the local community ("the Thirty-Three Articles")
1 Aug 1845 self-governing community of Ohrigstad is organised upon the commencing of regular sessions of the local legislature (continues to hold meetings to 3 Apr 1849)
23 May 1849 representatives from Ohrigstad and other parts of the Transvaal meet at Derdepoort, organising themselves as a permanent legislative and executive authority (Volksraad) for the community "on this side of the Vaal" ("aan deze zyde de Vaal Revier") [Notule van die Volksraad, 1:99]
21 Sep 1853 resolution on the official name of the polity, session of the Volksraad, Lydenburg [Notule van die Volksraad, 2:153, Art. 29] [1]
21 Sep 1853 - 1 Dec 1853 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | Republic of South Africa [2]
1 Dec 1853 resolution on the official name of the polity, session of the Volksraad, Potchefstroom [Notule van die Volksraad, 2:190, Art. 115] [3]
1 Dec 1853 - 27 May 1856 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek Benoorden de Vaalrivier | Republic of South Africa, North of the Vaal River
27 May 1856 resolution on the official name of the polity, session of the Commissie Raad, Potchefstroom [Notule van die Volksraad, 3:135, Art. 10]
27 May 1856 - 12 Apr 1877 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | Republic of South Africa
5 Jan 1857 Constitution is taken as effective, confirming Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek as the polity style, session of the the Volksraad, Potchefstroom [Notule van die Volksraad, 3:145, Art. 1]
12 Apr 1877 Proclamation of Her Majesty's Special Commissioner for certain Purposes in South Africa placing "the Transvaal territory" under the authority of the United Kingdom [Transvaal Government Gazette, Extraordinary, 12 Apr 1877, p. 2]
12 Apr 1877 - 8 Aug 1881 Transvaal Territory [4]
16 Dec 1880 re-establishment of the government of the South African Republic is declared in accordance with a proclamation signed on 16 Dec 1880 in Paardenkraal, public ceremony, Heidelberg (Staatscourant, No. 1, 12 Jan 1881, p. 2; De Staats Courant gedurende den vrijheidsoorlog van 1881, pp. ix-xiii) [5]
16 Dec 1880 - 31 May 1902 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek | Republic of South Africa
8 Aug 1881 Transvaal Territory is granted self-government, subject to the suzerainty of the British crown, under the name of the Transvaal State upon the date when the Convention of Pretoria takes effect (signed 3 Aug 1881) [6]
8 Aug 1884 independence of the Republic of South Africa is recognised by the United Kingdom upon the ratification of the London Convention (signed) by the Volksraad which made the Convention effective (Art. 20)
1 Sep 1900 Proclamation of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in South Africa on annexation of the Republic of South Africa to the British Dominions and forming a part of it under the name of the Transvaal
31 May 1902 national government ceased to exist upon the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging

[1] Occasionally misdated by the first day of the session (19 Sep 1853) as in Select Constitutional Documents (1918), 360.
[2] There was no official name adopted by the Boer authorities for their polity before 21 Sep 1853.
[3] Occasionally misdated by the first day of the session (21 Nov 1853) as in Select Constitutional Documents (1918), 361.
[4] Also in official use: Transvaal Province
[5] In opposition to the authorities of the Transvaal Territory (to 8 Aug 1881).
[6] Upon the enactment of the Pretoria Convention, the state authority was transferred (8 Aug 1881) to the government which had existed in Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek since 13 Dec 1880; this government formally acting under the "suzerainty of Her Majesty" over the Transvaal State refused to use this name which appeared only in the British official documents.
Last updated on: 11 May 2021 12:46:00