South African Republic (Transvaal): Polity Style: 1844-1902

9 Apr 1844 representatives of the Boer immigrants meet at Potchefstroom and draw up a code of laws for the local community ("the Thirty-Three Articles")
1 Aug 1845 self-governing community of Ohrigstad is organised upon the commencing of regular sessions of the local legislature (continues to hold meetings to 3 Apr 1849)
23 May 1849 representatives from Ohrigstad and other parts of the Transvaal meet at Derdepoort, organising themselves as a permanent legislative and executive authority (Volksraad) for the community "on this side of the Vaal" ("aan deze zyde de Vaal Revier") [Notule van die Volksraad, 1:99]
21 Sep 1853 resolution on the official name of the polity, session of the Volksraad, Lydenburg [Notule van die Volksraad, 2:153, Art. 29] [1]
21 Sep 1853 - 1 Dec 1853 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek [2]
1 Dec 1853 resolution on the official name of the polity, session of the Volksraad, Potchefstroom [Notule van die Volksraad, 2:190, Art. 115] [3]
1 Dec 1853 - 27 May 1856 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek Benoorden de Vaalrivier
27 May 1856 resolution on the official name of the polity, session of the Commissie Raad, Potchefstroom [Notule van die Volksraad, 3:135, Art. 10]
27 May 1856 - 12 Apr 1877 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
5 Jan 1857 Constitution is taken as effective, confirming Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek as the polity style, session of the the Volksraad, Potchefstroom [Notule van die Volksraad, 3:145, Art. 1]
12 Apr 1877 Proclamation of Her Majesty's Special Commissioner for certain Purposes in South Africa placing "the Transvaal territory" under the authority of the United Kingdom [Transvaal Government Gazette, Extraordinary, 12 Apr 1877, p. 2]
12 Apr 1877 - 8 Aug 1881 Transvaal Territory [4]
13 Dec 1880 government of Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek resumes to exercise its functions in accordance with the resolution of the Volksraad of 13 Dec 1880, session of the Volksraad, Paardekraal [Staatscourant, 4 Jan 1881, No. 234, p. 1] [5]
13 Dec 1880 - 31 May 1902 Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek
8 Aug 1881 Transvaal Territory is granted self-government, subject to the suzerainty of the British crown, under the name of the Transvaal State upon the date when the Convention of Pretoria takes effect (signed 3 Aug 1881) [6]
8 Aug 1884 independence of Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek is recognised by the United Kingdom upon the ratification of the London Convention (signed) by the Volksraad which made the Convention effective (Art. 20)
1 Sep 1900 Proclamation of the Commander-in-Chief of the British Forces in South Africa on annexation of Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek to the British Dominions and forming a part of it under the name of the Transvaal
31 May 1902 national government ceased to exist upon the signing of the Treaty of Vereeniging

[1] Occasionally misdated by the first day of the session (19 Sep 1853) as in Select Constitutional Documents (1918), 360.
[2] There was no official name adopted by the Boer authorities for their polity before 21 Sep 1853.
[3] Occasionally misdated by the first day of the session (21 Nov 1853) as in Select Constitutional Documents (1918), 361.
[4] Also in official use: Transvaal Province
[5] In opposition to the authorities of the Transvaal Territory (to 8 Aug 1881).
[6] Upon the enactment of the Pretoria Convention, the state authority was transferred (8 Aug 1881) to the government which had existed in Zuid-Afrikaansche Republiek since 13 Dec 1880; this government formally acting under the "suzerainty of Her Majesty" over the Transvaal State refused to use this name which appeared only in the British official documents.
Last updated on: 24 Jul 2011 22:36:43