Somalia: Heads of State: 1960-1991

All personal names are recorded in the Somali language; if confirmed by official sources, Italian, English and (from 1979) Arabic equivalents of the names are included in parentheses. The official styles appear in the following record in Italian (1960-1969), English (1960-1969), Somali (1969-1991) and Arabic (1979-1991).
Presidente dell'Assemblea Legislativa = President of the Legislative Assembly (ex officio) [1]
1 Jul 1960 - 1 Jul 1960 Aadan Abdulle Cusmaan Daar (Aden Abdulla Osman; Aden Abdulla Osman)
Presidente Provvisorio della Repubblica = Provisional President of the Republic [2]
1 Jul 1960 - 6 Jul 1961 Aadan Abdulle Cusmaan Daar (Aden Abdulla Osman; Aden Abdulla Osman) (x)
Presidente della Repubblica = President of the Republic
6 Jul 1961 - 10 Jun 1967 Aadan Abdulle Cusmaan Daar (Aden Abdulla Osman; Aden Abdulla Osman) (x)
10 Jun 1967 - 15 Oct 1969 Cabdirashiid Cali Sharma'arke (Abdirascid Ali Scermarche; Abdi-Rashid Ali Shermarke)
Presidente dell'Assemblea Legislativa = President of the Legislative Assembly (ex officio)
15 Oct 1969 - 21 Oct 1969 Sheekh Mukhtaar Maxamed Xuseen
Madaxweynaha Golaha Sare ee Kacaanka [3]
21 Oct 1969 - 1 Jul 1976 Maxamed Siyaad Barre (Mohamed Siad Barre; Mohamed Siad Barre)
Madaxweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Dimoqraadiga Soomaaliya = (from 16 Sep 1979) Ra’īs al-Jumhūriyya al-Ṣūmāl al-Dīmuqrāṭiyya
1 Jul 1976 - 27 Jan 1991 Maxamed Siyaad Barre (Mohamed Siad Barre; Mohamed Siad Barre; Muhammad Siyyād Barrī) (x)

[1] The sole documented example of the use of this style shows it as part of the formula: "President of the Legislative Assembly, acting in his capacity as Provisional President of the Republic."
[2] Normally shortened in official use to Presidente della Repubblica = President of the Republic.
[3] Also in official use (Somali): a) Guddoonshaha Golaha Sare ee Kacaanka and b) Guddomiyaha Golaha Sare ee Kacaanka; before the introduction of the Somali writing system in Latin alphabet (effective 1 Jan 1973), the official styles are Presidente del Consiglio Rivoluzionario Supremo (Italian) and President of the Supreme Revolutionary Council (English).
Last updated on: 05 Jan 2012 06:40:00