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Viktor Chernomyrdin

Виктор Степанович Черномырдин (Viktor Stepanovič Černomyrdin)

b. 9 Apr 1938, Chiorny Otrog, Saraktash district, Orenburg province, USSR
d. 3 Nov 2010, Moscow

Title: Председатель Совета Министров — Правительства Российской Федерации (Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Government of the Russian Federation) [14 Dec 1992 - 23 Dec 1993]
  Председатель Правительства Российской Федерации (Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation) [23 Dec 1993 - 23 Mar 1998]
Term: 14 Dec 1992 - 23 Mar 1998
Chronology: 14 Dec 1992, approved by resolution of the Seventh Congress of People's Deputies [1]; appointed by decree of President of the Russian Federation [2]
  23 Dec 1993, Council of Ministers transformed into the Government of the Russian Federation by decree of President of the Russian Federation [3]
  23 Mar 1998, resignation of the Government announced, decree of the President of the Russian Federation [4]
Title: Исполняющий обязанности Председателя Правительства Российиской Федерации (Acting Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation)
Term: 23 Aug 1998 - 11 Sep 1998
  23 Aug 1998, appointed by decree of President of the Russian Federation [5]
  11 Sep 1998, successor appointed [6]
Biography:


Born on a Cossack farm; while working for an oil processing plant in Orsk joined (1961) the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSU); received a degree after completing the course of distant learning at the Kuibyshev Industrial Institute (1966); switched to party work in 1967; worked on the Orsk City CPSU Committee (1967-1973); returned to industry as director of the Orenburg gas processing plant (1973-1978); transferred to the CPSU Central Committee apparatus (1978); instructor, heavy industry department, CPSU Central Committee (1978-1982); deputy minister of the oil and gas industry of the USSR (1982-1985); elected to the USSR Supreme Soviet (1984-1989) and to the Russian SFSR Supreme Soviet (1985-1990); minister of the gas industry of the USSR (12 Feb 1985 - 27 Jun 1989) in the cabinets of Nikolaj Tihonov and Nikolaj Ryžkov; elected a full member of the CPSU Central Committee (1986-1990); chairman of the Board of the Gazprom state concern (1989-1992); on 30 May 1992 was appointed deputy chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, fuel and energy; endorsed (14 Dec 1992) as a candidate to the post of Chairman of the Council of Ministers - Government of the Russian Federation by the Seventh Congress of People's Deputies; appointed to the post by President Boris El'cin on 14 Dec 1992; supported El'cin's decision to dissolve the parliament in September 1993; briefly shared the power with Egor Gajdar, who returned to the government as deputy chairman (18 Sep 1993 - 20 Jan 1994); strengthened position after the defeat of the pro-reform parties in the Duma elections; elected chairman of the "Nash dom - Rossiya" ("Our Home is Russia", NDR) political movement (May 1995); resigned the office of Chairman of the Government following the second inauguration of El'cin as president (9 Aug 1996); endorsed again by the State Duma (10 Aug 1996) and appointed Chairman of the Government (10 Aug 1996); according to a presidential decree temporarily served as Acting President of the Russian Federation from 07.00 5 Nov 1996 to 06.00 6 Nov 1996, when President El'cin underwent a heart surgery; government was reorganized by El'cin in March 1997, when a team of "young reformers" including Anatolij Čubajs and Boris Nemcov assumed the key offices; was considered a candidate the next presidential elections scheduled for the year 2000; a presidential decree of 23 Mar 1998 announced resignation of the Government; following the fall of cabinet of Sergej Kirienko during the 1998 financial crisis was appointed Acting Chairman of the Government (23 Aug 1998); twice rejected as a candidate to the office of Chairman by the State Duma (31 Aug 1998, 7 Sep 1998); served as Ambassador of the Russian Federation to Ukraine (2001-2009). Biography source: [7]

Elections:

Candidate 14 Dec 1992: 1st vote (Yes) 14 Dec 1992: 2nd vote (Yes/No)
Jurij Skokov 637
-
Viktor Černomyrdin 621 721/172
Egor Gajdar 400 -
Viktor Kadannikov 399 -
Vladimir Šumejko 283 -
Voting results 10 Aug 1996 31 Aug 1998 7 Sep 1998
in favor 314 94 138
against 85 252 273
abstentions 3 0 1
voted 402 346 412
not voted 48 104 38

[1] ВСНД РФ и ВС РФ, 1992, № 51.
[2] САПП РФ, 1992, № 25.
[3] САПП РФ, 1993, № 52.
[4] СЗ РФ, 1998, № 12.
[5] СЗ РФ, 1998, № 34.
[6] СЗ РФ, 1998, № 37.
[7] Государственная власть СССР. Высшие органы власти и управления и их руководители. 1923-1991 гг. Историко-биографический справочник / Сост. В.И.Ивкин. М.: РОССПЭН, 1999.

This page was last updated on: 05 Nov 2010 02:52:02

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