Portugal: Kings, Queens and Regents: 1139-1580

Ruling houses: Burgundy (1139-1383), Avis (1385-1580)
Rex Portugaliae = Rei de Portugal [1]
27 Jul 1139 - 6 Dec 1185 Afonso I O Conquistador (= Afonso Henriques) (x)
6 Dec 1185 - 26 Mar 1211 Sancho I O Povoador
26 Mar 1211 - 25 Mar 1223 Afonso II O Gordo
25 Mar 1223 - 4 Jan 1248 Sancho II O Capelo [2]
4 Jan 1248 - ? ? 1267 Afonso III O Restaurador
Rex Portugaliae et Algarbii = Rei de Portugal e Algarves [3]
? ? 1267 - 16 Feb 1279 Afonso III O Restaurador (x)
16 Feb 1279 - 7 Jan 1325 Dinis I O Lavrador
7 Jan 1325 - 28 May 1357 Afonso IV O Bravo
28 May 1357 - 18 Jan 1367 Pedro I O Cruel [4]
18 Jan 1367 - 22 Oct 1383 Fernando I O Formoso
Rainha de Portugal e Algarves [3]
22 Oct 1383 - after 14 Aug 1385 Beatriz [5][6]
Dei gratia, Regens et Defensor Regnorum Portugaliae et Algarbii = Por Graça de Deus, Regedor e Defensor dos Reinos de Portugal e do Algarve
before 7 Jan 1384 - 6 Apr 1385 João, mestre de Avis
Rex Portugaliae et Algarbii = Rei de Portugal e Algarves [3]
6 Apr 1385 - 14 Aug 1433 João I (= João, mestre de Avis) O de Boa Memória (x)
14 Aug 1433 - 9 Sep 1438 Duarte I O Eloqüente
9 Sep 1438 - 28 Aug 1481 Afonso V O Africano [7]
28 Aug 1481 - 25 Oct 1495 João II O Príncipe Perfeito
25 Oct 1495 - 13 Dec 1521 Manuel I O Venturoso
13 Dec 1521 - 11 Jun 1557 João III O Piedoso
11 Jun 1557 - 4 Aug 1578 Sebastião I O Desejado
Governadores do Reino
4 Aug 1578 - 24 Aug 1578 Jorge de Almeida, arcebispo de Lisboa
4 Aug 1578 - 24 Aug 1578 Pedro de Alcáçova Carneiro
4 Aug 1578 - 24 Aug 1578 Francisco de Sá e Meneses, senhor de Sever e de Matosinhos
4 Aug 1578 - 24 Aug 1578 João de Mascarenhas
Curador, Governador e Sucessor do Reino
24 Aug 1578 - 28 Aug 1578 cardeal Henrique de Portugal
Rex Portugaliae et Algarbii = Rei de Portugal e Algarves [3]
28 Aug 1578 - 31 Jan 1580 Henrique I (= cardeal Henrique de Portugal) (x)
Gubernatores et Defensores Regni Portugaliae = Governadores e Defensores do Reino de Portugal
31 Jan 1580 - 17 Jul 1580 Jorge de Almeida, arcebispo de Lisboa (x)
31 Jan 1580 - 17 Jul 1580 João de Mascarenhas (x)
31 Jan 1580 - 17 Jul 1580 Francisco de Sá e Meneses, senhor de Sever e de Matosinhos (x) [8]
31 Jan 1580 - 17 Jul 1580 João Telo de Meneses
31 Jan 1580 - 17 Jul 1580 Diogo Lopes de Sousa, senhor de Oliveira do Bairro

[1] Also in official use (Latin): Portugaliae Rex; ocasionally the style is preceded by the phrase Dei gratia (Por Graça de Deus).
[2] Sancho II is declared deposed by the Pope 24 Jul 1246 and Afonso (later Afonso III) is styled Visitador, Curador e Defensor do Reino until the death of Sancho II.
[3] Also in official use: ... et Algarbiorum and/or et Algarbiae; ocasionally the style is preceded by the phrase Dei gratia (Por Graça de Deus).
[4] Pedro I is proclaimed 8 May 1357.
[5] Beatriz was almost permanently absent from national territory and was represented only in the areas occupied by the forces supporting her claim until their ultimate defeat on 14 Aug 1385.
[6] Por graça de Deus, Rainha, Governador e Regedor dos Reinos de Portugal e Algarve (regent)
  22 Oct 1383 - ? ? 1384 Leonor (Leonor Teles de Meneses)
[7] Afonso V abdicates on 10 Nov 1477, but resumes throne (informally?) on 14 Nov 1477. João assumes throne only on 28 Aug 1481.
[8] Also held the title of conde de Matosinhos e de São João da Foz, perhaps conferred only ? Dec 1580.
Last updated on: 28 Sep 2013 02:33:43