Poland: Polity Style: 1917-2016

14 Jan 1917 - 14 Nov 1918 Królestwo Polskie
14 Nov 1918 - 1 Jun 1921 Republika Polska (gradually replaced with Rzeczpospolita Polska) [1][2]
1 Jun 1921 the use of Rzeczpospolita Polska is formally endorsed when the Constitution of 1921 becomes operative (passed by Sejm Ustawodawczy 17 Mar 1921, effective upon promulgation 1 Jun 1921) (Dziennik Ustaw, No. 44, 1 Jun 1921, pp. 633-658, item 267)
1 Jun 1921 - 28 Sep 1939 Rzeczpospolita Polska
28 Sep 1939 polity disintegrates upon the occupation of the seat of government by the armed forces of Germany
26 Oct 1939 parts of Poland are annexed by Germany; non-annexed territory constituted as the General Government
1 Nov 1939 Western Ukraine is annexed by Soviet Union
2 Nov 1939 West Belarus is annexed by Soviet Union
22 Jul 1944 - 22 Jul 1952 Rzeczpospolita Polska [3]
22 Jul 1952 name of the state is changed in accordance with the Constitution passed by the Sejm Ustawodawczy 22 Jul 1952 and made operative on the same date by Art. 1 of a constitutional law passed by the Sejm Ustawodawczy 22 Jul 1952 (Dziennik Ustaw, No. 33, 23 Jul 1952, pp. 343-372, items 232-233)
22 Jul 1952 - 31 Dec 1989 Polska Rzeczpospolita Ludowa
31 Dec 1989 name of the state is changed in accordance with a law amending the Constitution of 1952, effective upon the promulgation in an official gazette (Dziennik Ustaw, No. 75, 31 Dec 1989, pp. 1147-1148, item 444)
31 Dec 1989 - Rzeczpospolita Polska

[1] Republika Polska originates in dissidence 7 Nov 1918, finally replacing Królestwo Polskie 14 Nov 1918.
[2] Republika Polska, Rzeczpospolita Polska, and Państwo Polskie are used interchangeably until early 1919 when Rzeczpospolita Polska becomes the most frequently used official style.
[3] Dated by the Manifesto of 22 Jul 1944 issued on behalf of the Polski Komitet Wyzwolenia Narodowego (Polish Committee of National Liberation), a governmental body ostensibly appointed by the Krajowa Rada Narodowa (State National Council); Rzeczpospolita Polska remains a notional polity without territorial authority at least until 27 Jul 1944 when the first members of the Committee arrived to Chełm, Poland.
Last updated on: 04 Feb 2014 12:32:50