Poland: Heads of State: 1917-1939

Marszałek Koronny | Crown Marshal [1]
15 Jan 1917 - 30 Aug 1917 Wacław Józef Niemojowski
Przewodniczący Komisji Przejściowej Tymczasowej Rady Stanu | Chairman of the Transitional Committee of the Provisional Council of State [2]
28 Aug 1917 - 27 Oct 1917 Józef Karol Mateusz Mikułowski-Pomorski
Rada Regencyjna Królestwa Polskiego | Council of Regency of the Kingdom of Poland [3]
27 Oct 1917 - 14 Nov 1918 Arcybiskup Aleksander Kakowski
27 Oct 1917 - 14 Nov 1918 Zdzisław książę Lubomirski
27 Oct 1917 - 14 Nov 1918 Józef August hrabia Ostrowski
Naczelnik Państwa | Chief of State
22 Nov 1918 - 14 Dec 1922 Józef Klemens Piłsudski [4][5]
Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej | President of the Republic
14 Dec 1922 - 16 Dec 1922 Gabriel Józef Narutowicz
Marszałek Sejmu | Speaker of the Diet (ex officio)
16 Dec 1922 - 20 Dec 1922 Maciej Rataj
Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej | President of the Republic
20 Dec 1922 - 14 May 1926 Stanisław Wojciechowski [6]
Marszałek Sejmu | Speaker of the Diet (ex officio)
15 May 1926 - 4 Jun 1926 Maciej Rataj (x)
Prezydent Rzeczypospolitej | President of the Republic
4 Jun 1926 - 18 Sep 1939 Ignacy Mościcki [7]

[1] Marszałek Koronny was chairperson of Tymczasowa Rada Stanu (Provisional Council of State) which held sessions from 15 Jan 1917 to 30 Aug 1917. On 25 Aug 1917 the Council of State resolved that its members should resign and appointed a transitional committee which was constituted at first meeting on 28 Aug 1917.
[2] Transitional Committee continued to hold sessions to 24 Jan 1918 when its functions were transferred to the Council of Ministers.
[3] Tymczasowy Rząd Ludowy Republiki Polskiej: Prezydent ministrów | Provisional People's Government of the Republic of Poland: Prime Minister (in dissidence to 14 Nov 1918)
  7 Nov 1918 - 17 Nov 1918 Ignacy Ewaryst Daszyński
[4] Between 14 Nov 1918 and 22 Nov 1918 exercised, by the final decree of the Council of Regency, the duties of head of state de facto until official acceptance of the office of Naczelnik Państwa 22 Nov 1918; the office of Naczelnik Państwa was considered provisional to 20 Feb 1919 when it was approved by the Sejm Ustawodawczy, and erroneously appears as Tymczasowy Naczelnik Państwa in secondary sources.
[5] From 17 Mar 1921 pending the installation of a President of the Republic.
[6] The letter of resignation of Wojciechowski was dated 14 May 1926, Wilanów, asking his constitutional successor (Speaker of the Diet Rataj) to assume the functions of the office; Rataj formally assumed the functions of the President of the Republic on 15 May 1926 as evident from a notice published in Monitor Polski, No. 109, 15 May 1926.
[7] Ceased to exercise the functions of office upon leaving the territory of Poland 18 Sep 1939 and resigned 30 Sep 1939.
Last updated on: 20 May 2018 08:57:58