Panama: Polity Style: 1840-2019

18 Nov 1840 province of Panamá is proclaimed a sovereign state, resolution of a popular assembly held in Panamá City 18 Nov 1840 (La Prensa, No. 1, 5 Dec 1840)
18 Nov 1840 - 20 Mar 1841 Estado de Panamá
20 Mar 1841 provinces of Panamá and Veraguas formed an independent and sovereign state under the name of Estado del Istmo in accordance with a fundamental law passed on 18 Mar 1841 by a convention held in the city of Panamá (promulgated as a decree 20 Mar 1841) ("Ley Fundamental y Constitución del Estado del Istmo dadas por la Convención Constituyente en el año de 1841", [Panamá: Jayme Bousquet, 1841], pp. 1-2)
20 Mar 1841 - 31 Dec 1841 Estado del Istmo
31 Dec 1841 provinces of Panamá and Veraguas are reincorporated into Colombia in accordance with a convention signed in Panama City 31 Dec 1841
16 Mar 1842 convention of 31 Dec 1841 is approved, decree of the Vice President of the Republic in charge of the Executive Power (Nueva Granada) dated 16 Mar 1842, Bogotá (Gaceta de la Nueva Granada, No. 553, 17 Apr 1842, p. 2)
27 Feb 1855 provinces of Panamá, Azuero, Veraguas and Chiriquí formed a constituent state of Colombia under the name of Estado de Panamá in accordance with an additional act to the Constitution passed by the Senado and Cámara de Representantes of Colombia on 27 Feb 1855 (promulgated as a decree the same day) (Gaceta del Estado, No. 1, 20 Jul 1855, p. 1; Gaceta Oficial. República de la Nueva Granada, No. 1,759, 1 Mar 1855, p. 557; "Leyes espedidas por la Asamblea Legislativa del Estado de Panama", 1855, pp. 3-5)
27 Feb 1855 - 15 Oct 1861 Estado de Panamá
15 Oct 1861 Panama formed part of the federation (Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada) in accordance with a treaty signed 6 Sep 1861 in Colón, Panama (approved by the law passed by the Asamblea Legislativa of Panama on 14 Oct 1861, promulgated 15 Oct 1861) ("Leyes espedidas por la Asamblea Legislativa del Estado de Panama", 1861, p. 15)
15 Oct 1861 - 15 Feb 1886 Estado Soberano de Panamá
15 Feb 1886 Estado de Panamá and the Territory of San Andrés y San Luis de Providencia are transformed into Departamento nacional de Panamá in accordance with a decree signed by the President of the Republic of Colombia 12 Dec 1885 at Bogotá, which took effect on the date of the inauguration of the first Gobernador civil y militar del Departemento nacional de Panamá as required by a decree of 16 Dec 1885 (Diario Oficial. República de Colombia, No. 6,542, 17 Dec 1885, pp. 15,226-15,227)
15 Feb 1886 - 4 Nov 1903 Departamento nacional de Panamá
4 Nov 1903 Panama is proclaimed a sovereign and independent state, resolution of a popular assembly held in Panama City (Gaceta Oficial, No. 1, 14 Nov 1903, p. 1) [1]
4 Nov 1903 - República de Panamá

[1] Following spontaneous declarations in favour of separation from Colombia which took place in Panama City 3 Nov 1903.
Last updated on: 02 Feb 2019 11:47:20