Order of Malta: Grand Masters: 1530-1798 - Archontology.org

Order of Malta: Grand Masters: 1530-1798

The beginning of each term of office corresponds to the date when the Grand Master took an oath of office following his election. During the interregna, a Locumtenens vacantis Magistratus (LM) exercised the functions of Grand Master.
Magnus Magister [1]
13 Nov 1530 - 21 Aug 1534 Philippe de Villiers, s. de l'Isle-Adam [2]
  office vacant : 21 Aug 1534 - 26 Aug 1534: LM 23? Aug 1534 - 26 Aug 1534 Giovanni de Boniface
Locumtenens absentis Magni Magistri
27? Aug 1534 - 10 Nov 1534 Giovanni de Boniface (x) [3]
Magnus Magister [1]
10 Nov 1534 - 17 Nov 1535 Pierino di Antonio Giovanni del Ponte [4]
  office vacant : 17 Nov 1535 - 22 Nov 1535: LM 19 Nov 1535 - 22 Nov 1535 Jacques de Pelloquin
Locumtenens absentis Magni Magistri
23 Nov 1535 - 21 Jan 1538 Jacques de Pelloquin (x) [5][6]
Magnus Magister [1]
21 Jan 1538 - 6 Sep 1553 Johan de Omedes i Coscón [7]
  office vacant : 6 Sep 1553 - 11 Sep 1553: LM 8? Sep 1553 - 11 Sep 1553 Claudi/Claude de Gruel de la Bourelh
Locumtenens absentis Magni Magistri
12 Sep 1553 - 2 Jan 1554 Claudi/Claude de Gruel de la Bourelh (x) [8]
Magnus Magister [1]
2 Jan 1554 - 18 Aug 1557 Claude de la Sengle [9]
  office vacant : 18 Aug 1557 - 21 Aug 1557: LM 20? Aug 1557 - 21 Aug 1557 Jean de Valetta, s. de Parisot
21 Aug 1557 - 21 Aug 1568 Jean de Valetta, s. de Parisot (x)
  office vacant : 21 Aug 1568 - 23 Aug 1568: LM 22 Aug 1568 - 23 Aug 1568 Claude de Glandèves
23 Aug 1568 - 26 Jan 1572 Pietro di Francesco di Monte [10]
  office vacant : 26 Jan 1572 - 30 Jan 1572: LM 27? Jan 1572 - 30 Jan 1572 Antonio Cressino
30 Jan 1572 - 21 Dec 1581 Jean Levesque de la Cassière [11][12]
  office vacant : 21 Dec 1581 - 12 Jan 1582
12 Jan 1582 - 4 May 1595 Hugo de Loubenx de Verdala (Hugues de Loubens de Verdalle) [13]
  office vacant : 4 May 1595 - 8 May 1595: LM 6 May 1595 - 8 May 1595 Esteve/Esteban Claramonte
8 May 1595 - 7 Feb 1601 Martín Garcés
  office vacant : 7 Feb 1601 - 10 Feb 1601: LM 9 Feb 1601 - 10 Feb 1601 Pèire/Pierre d'Esparvez/Esparbez Lussan
10 Feb 1601 - 14 Sep 1622 Aloph/Alof de Wignacourt, s. de Lits
  office vacant : 14 Sep 1622 - 17 Sep 1622: LM 16 Sep 1622 - 17 Sep 1622 Pedro de Urrea y Camarasa
17 Sep 1622 - 7 Mar 1623 Luís Mendes de Vasconcelos
  office vacant : 7 Mar 1623 - 10 Mar 1623: LM 9? Mar 1623 - 10 Mar 1623 Balthazar(d) d'Agoult/Agout de Mouriès
10 Mar 1623 - 9 Jun 1636 Anthoni de Paula (Antoine de Paule)
  office vacant : 9 Jun 1636 - 12 (or 13) Jun 1636: LM 9 Jun 1636 - 12 (or 13) Jun 1636 Honoré de Quiquéran de Beaujeu
12 (or 13) Jun 1636 - 14 Aug 1657 Johan Paul Lascaris-Castellar
  office vacant : 14 Aug 1657 - 17 Aug 1657: LM 15 Aug 1657 - 17 Aug 1657 Flaminio Balbiano, di Chieri
17 Aug 1657 - 6 Feb 1660 Martín de Redín y Cruzat
  office vacant : 6 Feb 1660 - 9 Feb 1660: LM 7 Feb 1660 - 9 Feb 1660 Antonio Tancredi, di Siena
9 Feb 1660 - 2 Jun 1660 Annet Clermont de Chattes Gessan
  office vacant : 2 Jun 1660 - 5 Jun 1660: LM 3? Jun 1660 - 5 Jun 1660 Charles de Montagnac, dit l'Arfeuillère
5 Jun 1660 - 20 Oct 1663 Rafael Cotoner i d'Olesa
  office vacant : 20 Oct 1663 - 23 Oct 1663: LM 21 Oct 1663 - 23 Oct 1663 Ottaviano Bandinelli, di Siena
23 Oct 1663 - 29 Apr 1680 Nicolau Cotoner i d'Olesa
  office vacant : 29 Apr 1680 - 2 May 1680: LM 30 Apr 1680 - 2 May 1680 Arnau Serralta
2 May 1680 - 21 Jul 1690 Gregorio di Girolamo Caraffa (Carafa) d'Aragona, [de' Principi della Roccella]
  office vacant : 21 Jul 1690 - 24 Jul 1690: LM 22? Jul 1690 - 24 Jul 1690 Carlo Caraffa (Carafa) d'Aragona
24 Jul 1690 - 4 Feb 1697 Adrien de Wignacourt, s. de Lits
  office vacant : 4 Feb 1697 - 7 Feb 1697: LM 5? Feb 1697 - 7 Feb 1697 Gasparo Carnero
7 Feb 1697 - 10 Jan 1720 Ramon Rabassa de Perellós i de Rocafull, [dels senyors de Benetússer i Barons de Dosaigües]
  office vacant : 10 Jan 1720 - 13 Jan 1720: LM 11? Jan 1720 - 13 Jan 1720 Ramon Despuig i Martínez de Marcilla
13 Jan 1720 - 16 Jun 1722 Marc'Antonio di Ansano Zondadari
  office vacant : 16 Jun 1722 - 19 Jun 1722: LM 17? Jun 1722 - 19 Jun 1722 Ramon Despuig i Martínez de Marcilla (x)
19 Jun 1722 - 12 Dec 1736 António Manuel de Vilhena
  office vacant : 12 Dec 1736 - 16 Dec 1736: LM 13? Dec 1736 - 16 Dec 1736 Ramon Despuig i Martínez de Marcilla (x)
16 Dec 1736 - 15 Jan 1741 Ramon Despuig i Martínez de Marcilla (x)
  office vacant : 15 Jan 1741 - 18 Jan 1741: LM 16 Jan 1741 - 18 Jan 1741 Pietro Francesco Federico Roero di Guarene
18 Jan 1741 - 24 Jan 1773 Manuel Pinto da Fonseca
  office vacant : 24 Jan 1773 - 28 Jan 1773: LM 26 Jan 1773 - 28 Jan 1773 Giovanni Battista d'Afflitto
28 Jan 1773 - 9 Nov 1775 Francisco Antonio Ximénez de Tejada y Eslava
  office vacant : 9 Nov 1775 - 12 Nov 1775: LM 9 Nov 1775 - 12 Nov 1775 Ferdinando Rosselmini, di Pisa
12 Nov 1775 - 13 Jul 1797 François-Marie-des-Neiges-Emmanuel de Rohan
  office vacant : 13 Jul 1797 - 17 Jul 1797: LM ?
17 Jul 1797 - 26 Aug 1798 Ferdinand Joseph Hermann Anton Freyherr von Hompesch zu Bollheim [14]

[1] In full: Dei Gratia Sacrae Domus Hospitalis Sancti Ioannis Hierosolymitani et militaris Ordinis Sancti Sepulchri Dominici Magister humilis pauperumque Iesu Christi custos. The phrase et militaris Ordinis Sancti Sepulchri Dominici ceased to be effective 4 Nov 1497, but was not deleted.
[2] Philippe de Villiers was elected Magnus Magister on 22 Jan 1521 at the session of the Council in Rhodes. He and the members of the Council of the Order landed in Malta on 26 Oct 1530 near the present city of Birgu. The formal ceremony of enfeoffment took place at the gates of Mdina (Città Notabile) on 13 Nov 1530.
[3] Acting for the absent Grand Master Pietro del Ponte.
[4] Pietro del Ponte was elected in absentia on 26 Aug 1534 and took office on 10 Nov 1534.
[5] Acting for the absent Grand Masters Didier de Saint-Jaille and Juan de Omedes.
[6] Didier de Saint-Jaille, dit Tholon, was elected in absentia on 22 Nov 1535 and never took office. He died in Montpellier, France, on 26 Sep 1536.
[7] Johan de Omedes i Coscón was elected in absentia on 20 Oct 1536 and took office on 21 Jan 1538.
[8] Acting for the absent Grand Master Claude de La Sengle.
[9] Claude de La Sengle was elected in absentia on 11 Sep 1553 and took office on 2 Jan 1554.
[10] Born: Pietro di Francesco Guidalotti Ciocchi.
[11] Deposed and was held in custody (12 Jul 1581 - 11 Sep 1581) on orders of the Council. Released and departed Malta for Rome where he died on 21 Dec 1581.
[12] Locumtenens magisterii (in dissidence, departed Malta for Rome on 28 Sep 1581 where he died on 4 Nov 1581)
  6 Jul 1581 - 3 (or 4) Nov 1581 Mathurin d'Aux-Lescout, dit de Romegas
[13] Created cardinal 18 Dec 1587.
[14] Left the territory of Malta on 17 Jun 1798; declared deposed at a meeting of the Russian Grand Priory attended by the knights from other priories in St. Petersburg, Russia, on 15/26 Aug 1798; abdicated 6 Jul 1799, but continued to use the title.
Last updated on: 25 Jan 2021 08:28:35