Obregón, Álvaro

Álvaro Obregón Salido

b. 19 Feb 1880, Hacienda Siquisiva, District of Álamos, Sonora
d. 17 Jul 1928, Mexico City

Title: Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (Constitutional President of the Mexican United States)
Term: 1 Dec 1920 30 Nov 1924
Chronology: 5 Sep 1920, elected by general indirect voting [1]
  24:00 30 Nov 1920, sworn in, joint session of the twenty-ninth Congreso de la Unión (Congress of the Union), Salón de Sesiones de la Cámara de Diputados, Mexico City [2][3]
  1 Dec 1920, commencement of term [3]
  30 Nov 1924, expiration of term [3]
Biography:

The eighteenth and last child of his parents; upon the death of his father (1884), moved with his mother to Huatabampo, where went to school, and later worked there for a time; elected for the term of 1920-1924 with 96 percent of votes and entered the office on December 1, 1920. Obregón’s administration was interrupted in 1923 by a serious armed uprising led by Adolfo de la Huerta, who believed that he, rather than Plutarco Elías Calles, deserved the next presidential nomination. The rebellion began on December 4, 1923, and ended in March of the following year. Biography source: [4]

Elections:
Candidate Vote (5 Sep 1920)
Álvaro Obregón Salido 1,131,751
Alfredo Robles Domínguez 47,442
others 2,357

[1] Diario de los Debates de la Cámara de Diputados del Congreso de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos - Año I - Período Ordinario XXIX Legislatura - Tomo I - Número 52.
[2] Diario de los Debates de la Cámara de Diputados del Congreso de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos - Año I - Período Ordinario XXIX Legislatura - Tomo I - Número 80.
[3] The resolution passed by the Electoral College constituted by the members of the Chamber of Deputies (26 Oct 1920) required, in particular, that Obregón should take the oath of office at 24:00 30 Nov 1924, the moment when the term of his predecessor expires ("Tercero. Cítese al C. Alvaro Obregón, para que preste la protesta de ley, el treinta de noviembre del presente año, a las doce de la noche.") The actual swearing-in took place between 23:52 30 Nov 1920 and 00:10 1 Dec 1920. The same resolution fixed his term as lasting from 1 Dec 1920 to 30 Nov 1924.
[4] "Obregón, acercamiento al hombre", by Héctor Aguilar Camín, in Álvaro Obregón: Hombre, vida y obra, a collection of centenary contributions published by Centro de estudios de historia de México (México, 1981).
Last updated on: 02 Feb 2015 13:43:16