Mexico: Heads of State: 1855-1911

Presidente Interino de la República Mexicana
4 Oct 1855 - 15 Sep 1856 Juan Nepomuceno Álvarez Hurtado (x) [1]
Presidente Substituto de la República Mexicana
15 Sep 1856 - 1 Dec 1857 José Ignacio Gregorio Comonfort de los Ríos
Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
1 Dec 1857 - 19 Dec 1857 José Ignacio Gregorio Comonfort de los Ríos (x)
Presidente Provisional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos [2]
19 Dec 1857 - 21 Jan 1858 José Ignacio Gregorio Comonfort de los Ríos (x)
Presidente Interino Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
19 Jan 1858 - 15 Jun 1861 Benito Pablo Juárez García [3]
Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
15 Jun 1861 - 18 Jul 1872 Benito Pablo Juárez García (x)
Presidente Interino Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
19 Jul 1872 - 30 Nov 1872 Sebastián Marcos Francisco de Paula Lerdo de Tejada y Corral
Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
1 Dec 1872 - 28 Nov 1876 Sebastián Marcos Francisco de Paula Lerdo de Tejada y Corral (x) [4][5]
General en jefe del ejército constitucionalista, encargado del poder ejecutivo de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
28 Nov 1876 - 5 May 1877 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (x)
Presidente Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
5 May 1877 - 30 Nov 1880 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (x)
1 Dec 1880 - 30 Nov 1884 Manuel del Refugio González Flores
1 Dec 1884 - 25 May 1911 José de la Cruz Porfirio Díaz Mori (x) [6]
Presidente interino Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos
25 May 1911 - 6 Nov 1911 Francisco León de la Barra y Quijano

[1] Sometimes erroneously recorded as Juan Nepomuceno Álvarez Benítez.
[2] Also styled Encargado del Poder Ejecutivo; in informal official use, los Estados Unidos Mexicanos is often replaced by la República Mexicana.
[3] Originally based in Guanajuato, considers himself acting in compliance with the Constitution and in opposition to the government of Ignacio Comonfort, based in Mexico City; after a civil war against the conservative governments (1858-1860), establishes his government in Mexico City (11 Jan 1861); starting from 31 May 1863, controls mostly northern parts of Mexico with the rest of the country governed by dissident régimes supported by foreign intervention, eventually evolving into monarchical government of a new polity, Imperio Mexicano (11 Jul 1863 - 15 May 1867); returns to Mexico City 15 Jul 1867.
[4] Presidente Interino Constitucional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos [2] (in dissidence)
  28 Oct 1876 - 17 Jan 1877 José María Iglesias Inzáurraga (baptismal name: José Antonio de Jesús Telésforo Iglesias Inzáurraga)
[5] Continues in dissidence until 25 Jan 1877.
[6] Presidente Provisional de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos (in dissidence)
  5 Oct 1910 - 21 May 1911 Francisco Ignacio Madero González (always recorded as Francisco I. Madero; the initial I often erroneously interpreted as standing for Indalecio)
Last updated on: 01 Oct 2012 10:44:14