Canalizo, Valentín

José Valentín Raimundo Canalizo Bocadillo

b. 19 Aug 1794, Monterrey, Nuevo León
d. 20 Feb 1850, Mexico City

Title: Presidente Interino de la República Mexicana (Interim President of the Mexican Republic) [1]
Term: 4 Oct 1843 - 1 Feb 1844
Chronology: 2 Oct 1843, appointed, decree of Presidente Provisional de la República Mexicana (Provisional President of the Mexican Republic) [2]
  4 Oct 1843, took an oath of office, public ceremony, Tacubaya [3]
  1 Feb 1844, expiration of term in accordance with Art. 1 of the decree of 2 Oct 1843 [2]
Term: 1 Feb 1844 - 4 Jun 1844
Chronology: 27 Jan 1844, elected, session of the Cámara de Senadores (Chamber of Senators), Mexico City [4][5]
  1 Feb 1844, took an oath of office, session of the Congreso General, salon de la Cámara de Diputados, Mexico City [6]
  4 Jun 1844, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the installation of a successor [7]
Term: 21 Sep 1844 - 6 Dec 1844
Chronology: 7 Sep 1844, elected, session of the Cámara de Senadores (Chamber of Senators), Mexico City [8]
  21 Sep 1844, took an oath of office, session of the Congreso General, salon de la Cámara de Diputados, Mexico City [9]
  6 Dec 1844, consented to relinquishing executive authority in a letter to his successor [10]
Biography:
Entered an infantry regiment of Celaya as a royalist infantry cadet (1811); participated in the war of independence, fighting against the insurgents; supported the Plan de Iguala and joined the Army of the Three Guarantees as a major of the vanguard forces (1821); promoted to lieutenant colonel (1821); supported the Plan de Casa Mata (1823); supported the Plan of Jalapa (1829); promoted to colonel (1830); participated in military campaign aimed at pacification of Jamiltepec, the Costa Chica and the Mixtecs (1830); was a member of the military council which passed the death sentence on President Vicente Guerrero (1831); military commander of Oaxaca (1831-1833); opposed the revolution of 1832 in an act signed at Oaxaca 12 Apr 1832; accepted the Accords of Zabaleta (signed 23 Dec 1832), recognising Manuel Gómez Pedraza as legitimate president; brevetted brigadier general (1833, confirmed in 1836); revolted against the liberal government of Valentín Gómez Farías (1833-1834), joining generals Gabriel Durán and Mariano Arista in defence of the privileges of army and church; served as lieutenant governor of the State of Mexico (1834-1835) and governor of the Department of Mexico (1835-1836); promoted to divisional general (1841); acted as a representative of the government of President Anastasio Bustamante, negotiating the acceptance of the Bases de Tacubaya at Presa de la Estanzuela (6 Oct 1841); named a member of the Junta de las representantes suplentes de los Departamentos (1841) as a representative for Nuevo León; took seat but was shortly recalled by the government; governor and military commander of the department of Puebla (1841-1843); served as a member of the Junta Nacional Legislativa (1843); appointed governor and military commander of the department of Mexico (1843); was appointed Interim President of the Republic to fill in for Antonio López de Santa Anna (4 Oct 1843 - 1 Feb 1844); when Santa Anna informed the Congreso that he would not be able to assume the presidency on 1 Feb 1844, he was again elected Interim President (1 Feb 1844 - 4 Jun 1844); became a close associate of Santa Anna, serving as best man at his wedding (3 Oct 1844); during another absence of Santa Anna, he was elected Interim President (21 Sep 1844 - 6 Dec 1844) whose term was marked by the clash with the Congreso; received instructions from Santa Anna to suspend the sessions of the Congress (decree of 29 Nov 1844, promulgated 2 Dec 1844); faced a rebellion supported by the legislators and stepped down as interim president (6 Dec 1844); was arrested and imprisoned; accusations against him were voted by the Congreso (13 Dec 1844); amnestied in 1845, but was obliged to leave the country; sailed for Spain (1845); returned to Mexico in 1846; served as minister of war and marine in the cabinet of Gómez Farías (1846-1847); participated in the Mexican-American War in 1847 but retired from the army after a disagreement with Santa Anna.
Biographical sources: birth and baptismal record in Archivo de la Parroquia del Sagrario Metropolitano Catedral en Monterrey, Estado de Nuevo León, Bautismo de hijos españoles, 1792-1800, fol. 103; obituary: El Universal, No. 465, 23 Feb 1850, p. 4.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (27 Jan 1844)
José Valentín Raimundo Canalizo Bocadillo 24
José Ventura Melchor Ciriaco de Eca y Múzquiz de Arrieta 13
Manuel Joaquín Rincón y Calcáneo 1
José María de Tornel y Mendívil 1

Candidate 1st vote (7 Sep 1844) 2nd vote (7 Sep 1844) 3rd vote (7 Sep 1844)
José Valentín Raimundo Canalizo Bocadillo 23 23 24
Manuel Joaquín Rincón y Calcáneo 22 22 22
José Joaquín Antonio Florencio de Herrera y Ricardos 1 - -
blank - 1 -
Source of electoral results: Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,143, 30 Jan 1844, p. 117; Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,368, 12 Sep 1844, p. 169; El Siglo Diez y Nueve, No. 1025, 15 Sep 1844, p. 1.

[1] The style prescribed by Art. 2 of the decree of 2 Oct 1843 is presidente interino (Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,024, 3 Oct 1843, p. 133).
[2] Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,024, 3 Oct 1843, p. 133.
[3] Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,025, 4 Oct 1843, p. 139; Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,026, 5 Oct 1843, p. 141.
[4] Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,143, 30 Jan 1844, p. 117.
[5] A notice of the president-elect (Antonio López de Santa Anna) submitted to the Cámara de Senadores on 26 Jan 1844 informed the legislators that he would not be able to take oath of office on 1 Feb 1844 and requested to elect an interim president in accordance with Art. 91 of the Organic Bases of the Mexican Republic (Bases Orgánicas) of 1843 (Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,142, 29 Jan 1844, p. 113).
[6] Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,156, 12 Feb 1844, p. 170.
[7] El Siglo Diez y Nueve, No. 935, 17 Jun 1844, p. 1; Historia parlamentaria, 17:12.
[8] Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,368, 12 Sep 1844, p. 169; El Siglo Diez y Nueve, No. 1025, 15 Sep 1844, p. 1.
[9] Diario del Gobierno, No. 3,381, 24 Sep 1844, p. 217; Historia parlamentaria, 17:100.
[10] El Siglo Diez y Nueve, No. 1,106, 7 Dec 1844, pp. 1, 4.
Last updated on: 02 Feb 2015 13:39:21