Mexico: Heads of State: 1821-1824

Presidente de la Regencia del Imperio [1][2]
28 Sep 1821 - 19 May 1822 Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu
Por la Divina Providencia y por el Congreso de la Nación, primer Emperador constitucional de México
19 May 1822 - 29 Mar 1823 Agustín (= Agustín Cosme Damián de Iturbide y Arámburu) (x)
Supremo Poder Ejecutivo
29 Mar 1823 - 2 Apr 1823 office vacant [3]
Presidente del Supremo Poder Ejecutivo [4]
2 Apr 1823 - 30 Apr 1823 Pedro Celestino Negrete Santesteban
1 May 1823 - 31 May 1823 José Mariano Buenaventura de Michelena y Gil de Miranda
1 Jun 1823 - 30 Jun 1823 Nicolás Bravo Rueda
1 Jul 1823 - 31 Jul 1823 José Mariano Buenaventura de Michelena y Gil de Miranda (x)
1 Aug 1823 - 31 Aug 1823 Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán [5]
1 Sep 1823 - 30 Sep 1823 Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña
1 Oct 1823 - 31 Oct 1823 José Mariano Buenaventura de Michelena y Gil de Miranda (x)
1 Nov 1823 - 30 Nov 1823 Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán (x)
1 Dec 1823 - 8 Dec 1823 Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (x)
8 Dec 1823 - 31 Dec 1823 Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán (x)
1 Jan 1824 - 31 Jan 1824 José Mariano Buenaventura de Michelena y Gil de Miranda (x)
1 Feb 1824 - 29 Feb 1824 Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán (x)
1 Mar 1824 - 31 Mar 1824 Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (x)
1 Apr 1824 - 30 Apr 1824 Nicolás Bravo Rueda (x)
1 May 1824 - 31 May 1824 Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán (x)
1 Jun 1824 - 30 Jun 1824 Vicente Ramón Guerrero Saldaña (x)
1 Jul 1824 - 31 Jul 1824 Guadalupe Victoria [6]
1 Aug 1824 - 31 Aug 1824 Nicolás Bravo Rueda (x)
1 Sep 1824 - 30 Sep 1824 Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán (x)
1 Oct 1824 - 10 Oct 1824 Guadalupe Victoria (x)

[1] Pending the acceptance of offer to assume the throne of Mexico by Fernando VII who never communicates his consent.
[2] Other members (regentes): Juan de O'Donojú O'Ryan (28 Sep 1821 - 8 Oct 1821); Francisco Manuel de la Bárcena y Arce (28 Sep 1821 - 11 Apr 1822); José Isidro Yáñez y Nuño (28 Sep 1821 - 21 May 1822); Manuel Velázquez de León (28 Sep 1821 - 11 Apr 1822); Antonio Pérez Martínez y Robles, obispo de la Puebla de los Ángeles (13 Oct 1821 - 11 Apr 1822); Manuel María Martín de Heras Soto y Daudeville, conde de Casa de Heras Soto (11 Apr 1822 - 21 May 1822); Nicolás Bravo Rueda (11 Apr 1822 - 21 May 1822); Miguel Valentín y Tamayo (22 Apr 1822 - 21 May 1822).
[3] Congreso Constituyente terminates (29 Mar 1823) the functions of executive power which had existed since 19 May 1822 and resolves to appoint an executive body but postpones the election to 31 Mar 1823 when Bravo, Victoria, and Negrete are elected to form the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo; Negrete is sworn in, the others being absent; on 1 Apr 1823 Michelena and Domínguez are appointed and sworn in as alternates (suplentes); Guerrero being appointed and sworn in later. As evident from the first documents signed by the members of this body, Supremo Poder Ejecutivo is constituted 2 Apr 1823.
[4] A decree of appointment of the Supremo Poder Ejecutivo prescribes monthly rotation of the presidency in order of appointment without specifying the date for taking office ("que alternarán cada mes en la presidencia por el orden de su nombramiento"). In absence of the records of proceedings, the terms of office of Presidente del Supremo Poder Ejecutivo are presumed to have commenced on the first day of a calendar month, except for 8 Dec 1823. The order of succession is confirmed by the names appearing on the decrees passed by Supremo Poder Ejecutivo.
[5] Baptismal name: Miguel Ramón Sebastián Domínguez de Alemán; also in some official use: José Miguel Domínguez
[6] Original name: José Miguel Ramón Adaucto Fernández y Félix
Last updated on: 02 Feb 2015 13:39:14