Mauritania: Heads of State: 1958-2019

Arabic is the sole national language since 1959 and one of the official languages since 1968; French had the status of an official language in 1959-1980, continuing only as semi-official since then; Poular, Soninke, and Wolof are also national languages since 1991.
Président du Conseil du Gouvernement | President of the Council of Government
31 Jul 1958 - 23 Jun 1959 Moktar Ould Daddah = al-Mukhtār walad Dāddah (المختار ولد داداه)
Premier Ministre | Prime Minister [1]
23 Jun 1959 - 25 Sep 1961 Moktar Ould Daddah = al-Mukhtār walad Dāddah (المختار ولد داداه) (x)
Président de la République = (from 4 Mar 1968) Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
25 Sep 1961 - 10 Jul 1978 Moktar Ould Daddah = al-Mukhtār walad Dāddah (المختار ولد داداه) (x)
Raʼīs al-Lajna al-ʻAskariyya li-l-Inqādh al-Waṭanīy (رئيس اللجنة العسكرية للإنقاذ الوطني) = Président du Comité Militaire de Redressement National | President of the Military Committee of National Restoration
10 Jul 1978 - 6 Apr 1979 al-Muṣṭafā walad Muḥammad al-Sālik (المصطفى ولد محمد السالك) = Mustapha Ould Mohamed Saleck
Raʼīs al-Lajna al-ʻAskariyya li-l-Khalāṣ al-Waṭanīy, Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس اللجنة العسكرية للخلاص الوطني، رئيس الدولة) = (to Dec 1980) Président du Comité Militaire de Salut National, Chef de l'État | President of the Military Committee for National Salvation, Head of State
6 Apr 1979 - 3 Jun 1979 al-Muṣṭafā walad Muḥammad al-Sālik (المصطفى ولد محمد السالك) = Mustapha Ould Mohamed Saleck (x)
3 Jun 1979 - 4 Jan 1980 Muḥammad Maḥmūd walad Aḥmad Lūlī (محمد محمود ولد أحمد لولي‎) = Mohamed Mahmoud Ould Ahmed Louly
4 Jan 1980 - 12 Dec 1984 Muḥammad Khūnā walad Haydallāh (محمد خونا ولد هيداله) = Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla
12 Dec 1984 - 18 Apr 1992 Maʻāwiyya walad Sayyid Aḥmad al-Ṭāyaʻ (معاوية ولد سيد أحمد الطايع)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
18 Apr 1992 - 3 Aug 2005 Maʻāwiyya walad Sayyid Aḥmad al-Ṭāyaʻ (معاوية ولد سيد أحمد الطايع) (x)
Raʼīs al-Majlis al-ʻAskarīy li-l-ʻAdāla wa-l-Dīmuqrāṭiyya, Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس المجلس العسكري للعدالة والديمقراطية، رئيس الدولة) | President of the Military Council for Justice and Democracy, Head of State
3 Aug 2005 - 19 Apr 2007 Iʻlī walad Muḥammad Fāl (إعلي ولد محمد فال)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
19 Apr 2007 - 6 Aug 2008 Sayyidī Muḥammad walad al-Shaykh ʻAbd Allāh (سيدي محمد ولد الشيخ عبد الله)
Raʼīs al-Majlis al-Aʻlá li-l-Dawla wa Raʼīs al-Dawla (رئيس المجلس الاعلى للدولة ورئيس الدولة) | President of the High Council of State and Head of State
6 Aug 2008 - 15 Apr 2009 Muḥammad walad ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz (محمد ولد عبد العزيز)
Raʼīs Majlis al-Shuyūkh, Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya bi-l-nīyāba (رئيس مجلس الشيوخ، رئيس الجمهورية بالنيابة) | President of the Senate, Interim President of the Republic
15 Apr 2009 - 5 Aug 2009 Bā Māmādū al-mulaqqab Ambārī (با ممدوالملقب آمباري)
Raʼīs al-Jumhūriyya (رئيس الجمهورية) | President of the Republic
5 Aug 2009 - Muḥammad walad ʻAbd al-ʻAzīz (محمد ولد عبد العزيز) (x)

[1] President of the Council of Government (Président du Conseil du Gouvernement) was authorised to exercise the functions of Prime Minister by the Constitution promulgated 22 Mar 1959 and the style Premier Ministre was used occasionally in legislative acts. The vote of investiture of Prime Minister in the National Assembly took place 23 Jun 1959.
Last updated on: 03 May 2019 09:44:59