Malaysia: Heads of State: 1957-2016

The Constitution of the Federation of Malaya of 1957 (amended as the Constitution of Malaysia in 1963) refers to the holder of the executive authority of the Federation as Ketua Utama Negara bagi Persekutuan (Supreme Head of the Federation) and Yang di-Pertuan Agong (Paramount Ruler). After the creation of Malaysia (16 Sep 1963), the style invariably used in royal proclamations is Dengan kurnia Allah, Yang di-Pertuan Agong bagi negeri-negeri dan wilayah-wilayah Malaysia (By the grace of God, Paramount Ruler of the States and Territories of Malaysia).

Each holder of the offices listed below is also the ruler of one of those states constituting Malaysia that are ruled by monarchs. Corresponding affiliation is noted in brackets after the name.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong [1]
31 Aug 1957 - 1 Apr 1960 Tuanku Abdul Rahman Ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Muhammad [Negeri Sembilan]
Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong (ex officio)
1 Apr 1960 - 14 Apr 1960 Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Ibni al-Marhum Sultan Alaiddin Sulaiman Shah [Selangor]
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
14 Apr 1960 - 1 Sep 1960 Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Alaiddin Sulaiman Shah [Selangor] (x)
Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong (ex officio)
1 Sep 1960 - 21 Sep 1960 Tuanku Syed Harun Putra Al-Haj Ibni al-Marhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail [Perlis]
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
21 Sep 1960 - 21 Sep 1965 Tuanku Syed Harun Putra Al-Haj Ibni Al-Marhum Syed Hassan Jamalullail [Perlis] (x)
21 Sep 1965 - 21 Sep 1970 Tuanku Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Zainal Abidin Mu'adzam Shah [Terengganu]
21 Sep 1970 - 21 Sep 1975 Al-Mu'tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Al-Haj Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah [Kedah]
21 Sep 1975 - 29 Mar 1979 Tengku Yahya Petra Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ibrahim [Kelantan]
Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong (ex officio)
29 Mar 1979 - 26 Apr 1979 Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billahi Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah [Pahang]
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
26 Apr 1979 - 26 Apr 1984 Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billahi Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah [Pahang](x)
26 Apr 1984 - 26 Apr 1989 Al-Mutawakkin Alallah Sultan Mahmud Iskandar Al-Haj Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Ismail Al-Khalidi [Johor]
26 Apr 1989 - 26 Apr 1994 Sultan Azlan Muhibuddin Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Yussuf Izzuddin Shah Ghafarullahu-lah [Perak]
26 Apr 1994 - 26 Apr 1999 Tuanku Ja'afar Ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Abdul Rahman [Negeri Sembilan]
26 Apr 1999 - 21 Nov 2001 Salehuddin Abdul Aziz Shah Al-Haj Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Hisamuddin Alam Shah Al-Haj [Selangor]
Timbalan Yang di-Pertuan Agong (ex officio)
21 Nov 2001 - 13 Dec 2001 Al-Wathiqu Billah Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah [Terengganu]
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
13 Dec 2001 - 13 Dec 2006 Tuanku Syed Sirajuddin Ibni Al-Marhum Tuanku Syed Putra Jamalullail [Perlis]
13 Dec 2006 - 13 Dec 2011 Al-Wathiqu Billah Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah [Terengganu] (x)
13 Dec 2011 - Al-Mu'tasimu Billahi Muhibbuddin Tuanku Al-Haj Abdul Halim Mu'adzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Badlishah [Kedah] (x)

[1] Full style and titles approved and proclaimed by the government 17 May 1960 were Yang di-Pertuan Agong, Persekutuan Tanah Melayu (effective to 16 Sep 1963).
Last updated on: 18 Feb 2013 12:21:45