Libya: Polity Style: 1951-2016

24 Dec 1951 proclamation of independence and of formation of federal kingdom
24 Dec 1951 - 25 Apr 1963 al-Mamlaka al-Lībiyya al-Muttaḥida | United Libyan Kingdom
25 Apr 1963 Law No. 1 of 1963 changes the name of the kingdom
25 Apr 1963 - 1 Sep 1969 al-Mamlaka al-Lībiyya | Libyan Kingdom
1 Sep 1969 proclamation of republic (confirmed by the Constitutional Charter of 11 Dec 1969)
1 Sep 1969 - 2 Mar 1977 al-Jumhūriyya al-‘Arabiyya al-Lībiyya | Libyan Arab Republic
2 Mar 1977 name of the state is changed in accordance with Art. 1 of the Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People passed 2 Mar 1977
2 Mar 1977 - ? Apr 1986 al-Jamāhīriyya al-‘Arabiyya al-Lībiyya al-Sha‘biyya al-Ishtirākiyya | Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya [1]
? Apr 1986 - 10 Aug 2011 al-Jamāhīriyya al-‘Arabiyya al-Lībiyya al-Sha‘biyya al-Ishtirākiyya al-‘Uẓmā | Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamahiriya [1]
5 Mar 2011 dissident authority is constituted in Benghazi [2]
5 Mar 2011 - 8 Jan 2013 Lībiyā | Libya
10 Aug 2011 a Constitutional Declaration (passed by the Interim Transitional National Council 3 Aug 2011 and proclaimed 10 Aug 2011) repeals all former constitutional documents and laws and replaces all references to al-Jamāhīriyya al-‘Arabiyya al-Lībiyya al-Sha‘biyya al-Ishtirākiyya al-‘Uẓmā by the references to Lībiyā in existing legislation [3]
8 Jan 2013 name of the state is changed in accordance with a resolution of the General National Congress passed 8 Jan 2013
8 Jan 2013 - Dawlat Lībiyā | State of Libya

[1] Jamahiriya is a grammatical intensification of the word jumhūriyya, the normal word in Arabic for "republic", making an abstract noun out of the plural jumhūr; jamahir. This neologism which might be roughly translated as "state of the masses" was created to describe political structure of Libya after 2 Mar 1977.
[2] al-Majlis al-Waṭanī al-Intiqālī al-Mu'aqqat (Interim Transitional National Council) is appointed by a decree of 2 Mar 2011 and formally constituted at the meeting in Benghazi 5 Mar 2011.
[3] The Constitutional Declaration (original text; English unofficial translation) confirms the replacement of the polity style and provides for similar replacements in references to the highest state bodies.
Last updated on: 11 Apr 2016 11:12:30