Libya: Polity Style: 1951-2019

24 Dec 1951 became an independent state in accordance with a proclamation made by the King of the United Libyan Kingdom (Official Gazette, No. 1, 22 Jan 1952)
24 Dec 1951 constituted as the United Libyan Kingdom in accordance with the Constitution of 1951 passed by the National Assembly 7 Oct 1951 (effective on the date of proclamation of independence as prescribed by Art. 201) (Official Gazette, Extra, 7 Oct 1951)
24 Dec 1951 - 27 Apr 1963 al-Mamlaka al-Lībiyya al-Muttaḥida (المملكة الليبية المتحدة) | United Libyan Kingdom
27 Apr 1963 name of the state is changed in accordance with a law amending the Constitution (promulgated by the King 25 Apr 1963, effective upon publication 27 Apr 1963) (Official Gazette, Extra, 27 Apr 1963, p. 3)
27 Apr 1963 - 1 Sep 1969 al-Mamlaka al-Lībiyya (المملكة الليبية) | Libyan Kingdom
1 Sep 1969 proclamation of republic (confirmed by the Constitutional Charter of 11 Dec 1969)
1 Sep 1969 - 2 Mar 1977 al-Jumhūriyya al-ʽArabiyya al-Lībiyya (الجمهورية العربية الليبية) | Libyan Arab Republic
2 Mar 1977 name of the state is changed in accordance with Art. 1 of the Declaration on the Establishment of the Authority of the People passed 2 Mar 1977 (Official Gazette, No. 1, Extra, 15 Mar 1977, pp. 66-67)
2 Mar 1977 - ? Apr 1986 al-Jamāhīriyya al-ʽArabiyya al-Lībiyya al-Shaʽbiyya al-Ishtirākiyya (الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الاشتراكية) | Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamāhīriyya [1]
? Apr 1986 - 10 Aug 2011 al-Jamāhīriyya al-ʽArabiyya al-Lībiyya al-Shaʽbiyya al-Ishtirākiyya al-ʽUẓmā (الجماهيرية العربية الليبية الشعبية الإشتراكية العظمى) | Great Socialist People's Libyan Arab Jamāhīriyya [1]
10 Aug 2011 all former constitutional documents and laws are repealed, all references to al-Jamāhīriyya al-ʽArabiyya al-Lībiyya al-Shaʽbiyya al-Ishtirākiyya al-ʽUẓmā in existing legislation are replaced with references to Lībiyā in accordance with a Constitutional Declaration passed by the Interim Transitional National Council 3 Aug 2011 and proclaimed 10 Aug 2011 (Official Gazette, No. 1, 9 Feb 2012, pp. 1-11)
10 Aug 2011 - 8 Jan 2013 Lībyā (ليبيا) | Libya
8 Jan 2013 name of the state is changed in accordance with a resolution of the General National Congress passed 8 Jan 2013 (Official Gazette, No. 9, 10 Jul 2013, pp. 517-518)
8 Jan 2013 - Dawlat Lībyā (دولة ليبيا) | State of Libya

[1] Jamāhīriyya (جماهيرية) is a grammatical intensification of the word jumhūriyya (جمهورية), the normal word in Arabic for "republic", making an abstract noun out of the plural jumhūr (جمهور); jamāhīr (جماهير). This neologism which might be roughly translated as "state of the masses" was created to describe political structure of Libya after 2 Mar 1977.
Last updated on: 13 Jul 2019 11:22:50